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24 terms

Sociology 101

STUDY
PLAY
Sociology
The study of human society.
Sociological Perspective
point of view that sees general pattern in the lives of society in the lives of particular people.
Global Perspective
Study of the larger world.
Positivism
Approach to knowledge based on positive facts as opposed to speculation.
Theory
A statement of how and why specific facts are related.
Statement
How and why specific facts are created
Theoretical Approach
Basic image of society that guides thinking and research.
Structural functional approach
Sees society as a complex system whos parts work together to promote solidarity and stability.
Social Structure
Any relatively stable pattern of social behavior./
Manifest functions
Recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern.
Latent Function
unrecogonized and unintended consequences of any social pattern.
Social-Conflict Approach
Sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change
Macro-level orientation
A broad focus on social structures that social structures that shape society as a whole
Micro-Level orientation
Social interaction in specific situations
Symbolic-Interaction Approach
soiety as a product of the everyday interactions of individuals.
Positivist Sociology
Study based on systematic observation of social behavior.
Empirical evidence
Information that we can verify with our senses.
Interpretive Sociology
Study focuses on discovering the meanings people attach to their social world.
Critical Sociology
Study that focuses on the need for social change.
Culture
Ways of thinking, ways of acting and material objects that form peoples way of life.
Cultural Transmission
Process by which one generation passes culture to the next.
Sapir-Whorf Thesis
People see and inderstand the world through the cultural lens of language.
Mores
Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance.
Folkways
Norms for routine or casual interaction.