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34 terms

Blood & Lymphatic/ Immunity

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Plasma
Liquid that contain water, electrolytes, hormones, wastes, proteins
Hemoglobin
heme (iron) protein (globin)
erythropoetin
produced and secreted by cells in kidney and liver
Neutrophils
most abundant, phagocytosis of foriegn particles, polymorphonucelocytes (PMN)
Eosinophil
kill parasites for allergic reactions (tapeworm, hookworm,etc.)
Basophil
release heparin and histamine for allergic reactions
Monocyte
phagocytosis, mature to macrophage
lymphocyte
T Cell and B cell
diapedesis
when leukocytes moce through blood vessed walls to enter tissue
average WBC
5,000-10,000
Leukocytosis
WCC above 10,000
Leukopenia
WCC below 5,000
Differential WCC
% of each paritcular leukocyte
Leukemia
abnormal production of immature leukocytes
blood platelets normal count
130,000-360,000
function of blood platelets
blood clotting
3 types of plasma proteins
albumin, globulins, fibronogen
albumin
maintain osmotic pressure of cells
globulins
antibodies
fibronogen
blood clotting
Plasma gases are
oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen
hemostais
stoppage of bleeding
thrombus
abnormal clot
embolus
floating clot
Embolism
when embolus gets logdged in small vessel obstructing blood flow
antigen
present on cell membrane surface of rbc
antibodies
produced against non-self antigens
erythroblastosis fetalis
hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)
anemia
blood with very low oxygen carrying capacity (insufficent number of RBC)
polycythemia
abnormal excess of RBC
deoxyhemoglobin
hemoglobin with no bound oxygen
oxyhemoglobin
hemoglobin bound oxygen
Leukopoiesis
WBC production
edema
accumulation of excess interstitial fluid leading to swelling of tissues