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68 terms

Chapter 1 Surgical Technology

Chapter 1 Vocabulary
STUDY
PLAY
Versalius
1500
Father of Modern anatomy
Challenged Galen
Performed dissections on human cadavers himself
Emergent
Threatening life or limb within a relatively short time period
EX: ruptured aneurysm of aorta
Urgent
Requires treatment within a short time period
EX: unruptured ectopic pregnancy
Elective
Intervention that does not have to be performed immediately or within short time period
EX: torn meniscus
Optional
Intervention that does not threaten life or limb
EX: rhytidectomy
Working Conditions
The surgical environment should be brightly lit, quiet, and temperature controlled
Personal characteristics
Should be able to work quickly and accurately
Have committment to detail
Problem Solving Skills
A key characteristic
Surgical tech should be constantly improving on this
STSR
Surrgical Technologist in the Scrub Role
Preoperative
Before the operation
Intraoperative
During/within the operation
Postoperative
After the surgery
Non sterile team members
Circulator
Anesthesia provider
Radiologist
Pathologist
Doctor of Osteopathy
DO
Sterile team members
Surgical tech
Surgeon
Surgical Assistant
Accreditation Review Committee on Education in Surgical Technology
ARC-ST
National Board of Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting
NBSTSA
Association of Surgical Technology
AST
Why continue education?
1) needed for personal development and improved patient safety
2) demonstration of continuing education
Competencies
A general description of the abilities needed to perform a role in the organization
What is key among the OR team in surgery?
effective communication
What are the types of effective communication?
Verbal
Non verbal
Body language
Eye contact
Social Realtionship
established with peers and friends
Professional Relationship
established with co workers, surgeons and other healthcare providers
Therapeutic Realtionship
established among the surgical tech., patient and patients family
Surgical Conscience
Personal moral authority to accept responsibilty for his/her own actions and be willing to be held liable for ones own actions.
Ambulatory Facility
Free standing specialty center, doctors offices, doctors clinics and labor/delivery
Proprietary
Non profit hospital that are general, acute care hospital.
They are nontaxable by federal govt.
A private corporation
Health Maintenance Organization
HMO
Patients Bill of Righs
Reflect the generally accepted view of the patient as a autonomous individual who is in need of a service that he/she cannot provide for himself or herself
Accountability
Obligation to disclose details for evaluation
"to be held responsible for"
Affidavit
Voluntary statement of facts sworn to be true before the authority
Allegation
Statement that one expects to be proven true
Bona fide
In good faith or innocently
Guardian
Court appointed protector for an individual incapable of making his/her own decision
Liabilty
Obligation to do or not to do something
Obligation to potentially or actually incurred as a result of a negligent act
Malpractice
Professional misconduct that result in harm to another
Negligence
Omission or commission of an act that a reasonable and prudent individual would not do under the same conditions
Standard of Care
description of conduct that is expected of an individual or professional
Subpoena
Court order to appear and testify or produce required documents
Tort
A civil wrong could be intentional or unintentional
Doctrine of Foreseeability
The ability to see or know in advance to reasonably anticipate that harm or injury may result because of certain acts or omission.
Doctrine of Personal Liability
Each person is responsible for his/her own conduct even though others may be held liable as well.
Doctrine of the Reasonably Prudent Person
A person should preform an action as would any reasonable person of ordinary prudence
Aeger Primo
"The patient first"
Doctrine of borrowed servant
The one controlling or directing the employee has greater responsiblity than the one playing the employee.
Doctrine found corporate negligence
A health institution may be found negligent for failing to ensure that an acceptable level of patient care was provided.
Primum non nocere
"Above all, do no harm"
Res ipsa loquitur
"The thing speaks for itself"
Assault
An act that causes another person to fear that he/she will be touched in an offensive, insulting or physically injurious manner without consent or authority to do so
Battery
The actual act of harm or unwarranted contact with a person
Defamation
Slander(oral statement) or libel (written) that damages a persons reputation
False Imprisonment
Illegal detention of a person without consent or forcing a person to stay in an area
Abandonment
When a member of the surgical teams leaves a patient who is dependent on their presence as a caregiver and can be held liable
Informed Consent
A surgical procedure doesnt start without the written signature and consent of the patient
Medical Documentation
Where information about the patients medical charts are placed
Advance Directive
A written instruction dealing with the right an incapacitated patient to self determination
Incident Report
When an unusal event occurs and need to identify the factors that caused it and how to prevent it
ethics
what is good for the individual and for society
Moral principles
The guides for ethical decision making, the principles that we try to instill in our children (trustworthiness, honesty and benevolence).
Patient Care Partnership
Informs the patient about what he/she should expect during the hospital stay with reguard to his/her rights and responsibility.
deontological
The ideas of obligation and duty.
formalism
the inherent right or wrong in a given act
scope of practice
identifies the knowledge and skills required for the profession in order to provide effective and reliable services
Identifies the disiplines and processes that define the field
registration
formal process by which qualified individuals are listed in a registry
certification
recognition by an appropriate body that an individual has met a predetermined standard
liscensure
legal right granted by a government agency in compliance with a statue that authorizes and oversees the activities of a profession
accreditation
ensures the academic quality to students and the public and its an important indicator for employers who are evaluating the credentials of a potential employee