Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Chapter 1 Vocabulary


Father of Modern anatomy
Challenged Galen
Performed dissections on human cadavers himself


Threatening life or limb within a relatively short time period
EX: ruptured aneurysm of aorta


Requires treatment within a short time period
EX: unruptured ectopic pregnancy


Intervention that does not have to be performed immediately or within short time period
EX: torn meniscus


Intervention that does not threaten life or limb
EX: rhytidectomy

Working Conditions

The surgical environment should be brightly lit, quiet, and temperature controlled

Personal characteristics

Should be able to work quickly and accurately
Have committment to detail

Problem Solving Skills

A key characteristic
Surgical tech should be constantly improving on this


Surrgical Technologist in the Scrub Role


Before the operation


During/within the operation


After the surgery

Non sterile team members

Anesthesia provider

Doctor of Osteopathy


Sterile team members

Surgical tech
Surgical Assistant

Accreditation Review Committee on Education in Surgical Technology


National Board of Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting


Association of Surgical Technology


Why continue education?

1) needed for personal development and improved patient safety
2) demonstration of continuing education


A general description of the abilities needed to perform a role in the organization

What is key among the OR team in surgery?

effective communication

What are the types of effective communication?

Non verbal
Body language
Eye contact

Social Realtionship

established with peers and friends

Professional Relationship

established with co workers, surgeons and other healthcare providers

Therapeutic Realtionship

established among the surgical tech., patient and patients family

Surgical Conscience

Personal moral authority to accept responsibilty for his/her own actions and be willing to be held liable for ones own actions.

Ambulatory Facility

Free standing specialty center, doctors offices, doctors clinics and labor/delivery


Non profit hospital that are general, acute care hospital.
They are nontaxable by federal govt.
A private corporation

Health Maintenance Organization


Patients Bill of Righs

Reflect the generally accepted view of the patient as a autonomous individual who is in need of a service that he/she cannot provide for himself or herself


Obligation to disclose details for evaluation
"to be held responsible for"


Voluntary statement of facts sworn to be true before the authority


Statement that one expects to be proven true

Bona fide

In good faith or innocently


Court appointed protector for an individual incapable of making his/her own decision


Obligation to do or not to do something
Obligation to potentially or actually incurred as a result of a negligent act


Professional misconduct that result in harm to another


Omission or commission of an act that a reasonable and prudent individual would not do under the same conditions

Standard of Care

description of conduct that is expected of an individual or professional


Court order to appear and testify or produce required documents


A civil wrong could be intentional or unintentional

Doctrine of Foreseeability

The ability to see or know in advance to reasonably anticipate that harm or injury may result because of certain acts or omission.

Doctrine of Personal Liability

Each person is responsible for his/her own conduct even though others may be held liable as well.

Doctrine of the Reasonably Prudent Person

A person should preform an action as would any reasonable person of ordinary prudence

Aeger Primo

"The patient first"

Doctrine of borrowed servant

The one controlling or directing the employee has greater responsiblity than the one playing the employee.

Doctrine found corporate negligence

A health institution may be found negligent for failing to ensure that an acceptable level of patient care was provided.

Primum non nocere

"Above all, do no harm"

Res ipsa loquitur

"The thing speaks for itself"


An act that causes another person to fear that he/she will be touched in an offensive, insulting or physically injurious manner without consent or authority to do so


The actual act of harm or unwarranted contact with a person


Slander(oral statement) or libel (written) that damages a persons reputation

False Imprisonment

Illegal detention of a person without consent or forcing a person to stay in an area


When a member of the surgical teams leaves a patient who is dependent on their presence as a caregiver and can be held liable

Informed Consent

A surgical procedure doesnt start without the written signature and consent of the patient

Medical Documentation

Where information about the patients medical charts are placed

Advance Directive

A written instruction dealing with the right an incapacitated patient to self determination

Incident Report

When an unusal event occurs and need to identify the factors that caused it and how to prevent it


what is good for the individual and for society

Moral principles

The guides for ethical decision making, the principles that we try to instill in our children (trustworthiness, honesty and benevolence).

Patient Care Partnership

Informs the patient about what he/she should expect during the hospital stay with reguard to his/her rights and responsibility.


The ideas of obligation and duty.


the inherent right or wrong in a given act

scope of practice

identifies the knowledge and skills required for the profession in order to provide effective and reliable services
Identifies the disiplines and processes that define the field


formal process by which qualified individuals are listed in a registry


recognition by an appropriate body that an individual has met a predetermined standard


legal right granted by a government agency in compliance with a statue that authorizes and oversees the activities of a profession


ensures the academic quality to students and the public and its an important indicator for employers who are evaluating the credentials of a potential employee

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording