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plasma leave the BV wall to go to the tissue and the fluid is now termed this, then goes into the lymphatic vessel and then termed Lymphatic fluid. its all the same fluid
3 L of interstitial fluid
how much fluid is not reabsorbed into the capillaries per day and stays in the interstitial space.
causes the cells of the lumen wall to split apart and fluid rushess into lymph vessel
what happens when the interstitial fluid has higher pressure on the outside of the lymphatic capillary than the inside of the lumen.
the lymphatic vessel cell walls to close up together so fluid can not move back out
when the pressure in the lymphatic capillary is greater inside the lumen than the outside it causes this.
larger and larger
the lymphatic veins start small in the periferal and change in size as it gets ...
the lymphatic organ that filters the blood, left Upper quadrant, and is very vascular, blood reservoir
patches of reticular fibers with b- cells, t- cells, and NK cells, and macrophages.
little patches of lymphatic tissue embedded in mucuous membranes that lines body cavities
lines any body cavity that opens to the outside
mucous membranes are lining the vagina, GI tract and respiratory tract because.
2 days (4-6L of total blood volume)
3 L per/day of plasma is absorbed in the lymphatic vessels and is filtered every __ days and returned to the blood
non specific defenses
type of defense we all are born with. they act the same way toward any invading antigen, no memory
defenses that are aquire during the lifetime, make a memory of all infection, and then to never get that again. like chicken pox
first line defense
non specific defense category - surface barriers physically prevent something coming into the body or removes pathogens from surface of body
second line defense
non specific defense - where the pathogens have entered the body and this type of defense is then activated
2nd line defense where basophils that produce histamines to create this reaction
2nd line defense where the bacteria like to grow in this condition. The body increases its this to killoff the bacteria.
temperature, inflammatory response, and phagocytic cells, chemicals
the 4 types of second line of defense
two chemicals that help the basophils with the inflammatory response of 2nd line defense
group of 20 different plasma proteins that make this system for 2nd line defense and highly activated in any infection as a cascade event.
enhance the inflammatory response
complement group tells the basophils this due to the presence of infection doing this -
complement protein C3b holds onto a macrophage and a pathogen to enhance the macrophage to eat the pathogen.
Big Mac attack
membrane attack complex, where several complement proteins come together to form a complex and beats holes in a pathogen membrane.
enhance inflammatory response, opsonization, big mac attack
the three responses of thecomplement proteins
these are activated from the presence of a virus. the host infected cell from a virus, will make these and distribute to neighboring unaffected cells and they bind on cell and warn them to make antiviral proteins.
if interferon is defective in the cell, the cells are vulnerable to this type of cancer.
lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Lou Gerigs Dx., MS, are these where antigens perceives your own marker as foreign.
proteins made by differentiated b-cells that are plasma cells to kill antigens. gamma globulin or immunoglobulin aka
skin cells make keratin-protein, pancreas make insulin-protein
example of individual cells will make protiens if they require that protein
the b-cell has 23 pairs of chromosomes and the genes within the chromosome will make this
T's in DNA, U's in RNA
the pattern of chromosomes for T's belong to this and the U's belong to this.
order of DNA
red bone marrow contains HSC using a growth process, where differentiation involving shuffling DNA nucleotides of the antibody gene into a different __ in the b-cell
the upper portion of the antibody "y" is called __ d/t the shuffling of the dna for each tobe ableto match every antigen possible
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