Terms in this set (97)
A website that asks for personal information like your social security number or bank card number would have a coding that scrambles the information so it is unreadable to the naked eye. This is known as:
When you examine a Web URL, you can likely determine the type of entity the information came from.
c. Subject directories
The two main types of search tools are search engines and what?
communicating with web servers
when you use hypertext transfer protocol (i.e., http) to access content online what are you essentially doing?
humans are more involved in the creation of subject directories
one way subject directories differ from search engines is:
which of the following is an example of a browser?
U.S. department of defense
which organization originally started research that resulted in the internet?
locate, evaluate and use information effectively
an information literate person should be able to:
which of the following is an example of a way to ensure your information is private and secure?
your employer may listen, watch and read most of your workplace communications
according to the reading, which of the following is an example of e-mail privacy at work?
they use computer programs to create a searchable index of web pages
which example best describes how search engines work?
social networking web sites
which of the following allow you to create personal profiles for the purpose of sharing information, photos, music, etc?
asking someone who has previously taken the class about exam questions
which action is considered a violation of the college's academic honesty policy?
Although magazine articles tend to be written for the layperson, they sometimes contain in-depth articles.
There is a built in "filtering" process for what is included in a library
What is a good reason to consult library resources?
If I am using a Library database, then I can always read the full text of an article I identify.
A library's catalog can tell me if the library owns the journal and where I can locate it on the library's shelf.
finding current news information and locating quick facts
search engines are good tools for:
the resources go through a review process before being added to the collection
which example identifies a key attribute of library resources?
which of the following is an example of a secondary resource?
the writing is more structured, usually written by an expert in the field
what is a example of a trait of a scholarly journal?
to find or browse resources on your research topic
which is the best reason for using a library database?
in-depth information that is a written by a scholar, including a bibliography
which type of information is typically found in journal articles?
it will help you easily find the information you need to answer your question
why should you know the basic characteristics of different types of resources?
to ask your librarian a question about research
which of the following is a good reason for using e-mail in your research process?
based on the readings in this class, which resource is likely to be the most effective when looking for an overview or background material on your topic?
to find out if a specific item is available in the library
when would you use a library catalog?
You will find alternative words and phrases, such as synonymns, to use as search words when looking for resources
How can brainstorming help you select search terms?
Check the subjects that it covers and the types of materials it contains to see if it meets your needs for that particular research topic.
How would you best choose a database to search?
b. business and risk
Results will have both business and rick. It will search for both words to appear in the database text.
You plan to write a business proposal and need some additional information on taking risk. Enter the following search terms into a database's search box(es) and determine which would yield the best results.
which searching technique allows you to retrieve variants of a word by replacing a word's various endings with a symbol determined by the database (e.g. *, ?, #)?
you narrow your search results
what is the result of a search conducted by connecting words with the word "and"?
to see what is available without eliminating any possibilities
why might you start your research using a keyword search?
citations, abstracts and sometimes the full text of articles
which of the following best describes the information you will find in a library's database?
writing a description of your topic with special emphasis on the main ideas
what is the first step in the brainstorming process?
look at the subject headings in one good article, after doing a keyword search
what is a good way to find the appropriate subject terms for your topic in a database?
a searching technique that can be used in both internet search engines and library databases is:
results will contain one or more of your search terms
you are conducting a search about climate change. you decide to enter the search phrase: climate change OR global warming OR greenhouse effect. what best characterizes the results of your search?
consider the types of materials that it contains
how do you know which database to search?
it narrows your search and retrieves more precise results
what is the advantage to narrowing your search to a specific field in a database?
b. Evaluate all print and electronic material to see if they are suitable for your topic and your particular project.
When you are writing a scholarly paper for a class, which of the following best describes the evaluation process?
Media messages have both a surface message, as well as, underlying messages.
the subtext of a message
according to the reading, media literacy teaches us about the text of a message and what other important factor?
to look at it and take apart all of its aspects
what does it mean to deconstruct a media message?
yes, a selection criteria should be applied to both print and electronic resources
according to the reading, should you evaluate all types of resources you encounter when researching?
use it only if you can verify more about the host and/or the author
when conducting research on the web, you come across an article that is extremely relevant to your topic. it is unclear who hosts the web site or who has authored the material. what should you do next?
media messages affect our thoughts, attitudes and actions
according to the reading, what is one of the media literacy concepts you need to know?
yes, because almost anyone can publish on the web
according to the reading, should you evaluate web sites to determine if they are appropriate for you research?
objectivity of the item
in addition to author and timeliness or resource, what is another good criterion to use when evaluating print or web material?
book or article manuscripts are reviewed by an editor
why may evaluating print material such as books and journal articles be easier than evaluating web sites?
yes, because the scope, the timeliness and the audience meet your needs
you have located a book that meets all of the evaluation criteria. should you use this in your research?
no, we receive messages in many types of media
according to the reading are subtext messages found only in print media such as magazine ads?
b. Be recorded in a tangible form and be original.
To qualify for copyright protection, a work (e.g., a resource) must:
when you use something for commercial or monetary gain
what is not considered fair use?
which of the following would you need to cite in your paper or presentation?
it is the only way for you to know how to put your citations in the proper format
which of the following explains why you need to use a style manual?
use it after obtaining permission from the copyright owner
if you want to use a resource and are fairly sure your use does not "pass" the criteria used to determine fair use, what is a possible option for an ethical use of the resource?
what is an example of a resource that you would need to cite in a paper or presentation?
the author's name
what is a common element to include in an in-text citation?
taking careful notes so that you can distinguish between paraphrasing, exact quotes, and your original thoughts
you are beginning to conduct research for a 25 page paper and you are using many different types of resources ranging from books to web pages to scholars journal articles located in library databases. what process may help you avoid inadvertently plagiarizing?
it allows others to track down what you used
which is the most important reason for properly documenting the material you use?
which of the following is a section of your paper where the materials you used should be cited?
look at specific examples from the APA manual
if your professor asks you to put your resources into APA format, how will you know the best way to cite your resources?
prepare derivative works
a copyright owner of a work has the exclusive right to:
using others' ideas and thoughts without documenting them
which of the following is an example of plagiarism?
expressions of ideas in a tangible format
copyright provides its owners legal protection over which of the following?
Abbreviations (in relation to email):
Acronyms or shortcuts are often used to abbreviate words to reduce the size of your message. Be careful when using abbreviations. Your reader may not always know what the abbreviation means. A few examples are: LOL, laughing out loud: BTW, by the way.
An abstract is a brief summary of the content of an article. Library databases usually include abstracts that are written by someone at the database company or by the author of the article. However, it can be difficult to tell who wrote the abstract. For this reason, you shouldn't quote from abstracts in your papers. Instead, quote ideas from the actual paper and use the abstract to help you scan articles for relevance to your topic. They can save you time by helping you quickly identify good articles.
Various types of audio files for music, speeches, and academic lectures can be found at fee based and free websites that have mp3 or .wav files. Another type of file that produces audio and video is called podcasts, which are usually free to download. These files are played on iPods or similar devices. Some of these audio files are accompanied by video files. Examples of websites where audio files are available are iTunes and Napster. Often the applications are free to download but the content must be purchased.
The list of the sources you cited when researching your paper is called a bibliography. The bibliography allows others who read your work to verify facts or research the same information more easily. It also prevents plagiarism by giving credit to the original authors' of the information. These sources are listed in citation format and follow an established style, such as APA (American Psychological Association) or MLA (Modern Language Association). The name for the bibliography at the end of your paper can vary depending on which format you are using. For example, APA calls this a List of References and MLA calls it, Works Cited.
A web page for communication on the Internet that permits information to be posted and immediately viewed by others. As information is added it is instantly published. Generally, this is a free service you subscribe to.
In the research world, citations have nothing to do with traffic tickets. Instead, citations identify published information - print or electronic - in order to locate that item again. For example, citations of articles often include the author, title, year of publication, magazine or journal name, and page numbers.
Small files that is stored on your computer's hard drive. They come from the site you are accessing, and they allow the site to store information about what you accessed. An example is when you bank electronically and you ask the computer to remember your username and password for your next visit. This eliminates you from having to put this information in each time you bank electronically. The software that retains your information is the cookies.
Used in conjunction with Media Literacy. It means to look at and take apart all the aspects of a media message. In taking apart a message, you are able to discern any bias or underlying messages.
Indicates the server where the information originated (on the Web). Examples:
.edu-educational institution- Even though a page comes from an educational institution, it does not mean the institution endorses the views expressed there. Students or faculty members may publish pages in their account on the school's computer.
.com-commercial entity- Many companies advertise and sell products, as well as publish annual reports and other company information for their customers, stockholders and potential investors on the Web. Much of the quality information you can purchase such as online newspapers or journals have .com names.
.gov-government- Government agencies use the Web to publish legislation, census information, weather data, tax forms and many other documents.
.org-non-profit organization- Non-profit organizations use the Web to promote their causes or share subject specific content. These pages are good sources to use when comparing different sides of an issue.
.net- network provider- Network providers administer or provide connection services to the Internet. The .net group is an odd mix of companies, associations and Internet Service Providers. Information on these sites can look similar to sites from .com, .org, or even personal pages.
.mil-military- Specific branches of the armed forces provide information/host websites on the Internet
Symbols that you type within your e-mail message to convey your tone of voice. These expressions are created from different characters on your keyboard. Using emoticons can help you prevent the misunderstandings that often happen online due to a lack of "nonverbal" clues. This smiley face is an example:
:) An emoticon at the end of a sentence lets your reader know you meant to say things in a pleasant manner.
coded information which scrambles the letters to be unreadable, unless a special decoding key is used to unscramble the information. Secure websites that ask your personal information generally use encryption such as banks, retailers, etc.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol):
Protocol for exchanging files on the Internet. It is used for uploading and downloading files to the Internet.
These are derogatory or angry e-mails sent to an online discussion group. They are meant to loudly voice one's opinion and to attack another's.
Some databases only provide the citation and abstract of an article. These are called indexing databases. They point you to the relevant articles, but you may need to look elsewhere to read the entire text. The complete electronic version of an article or book is called the full text. Some databases, such as Academic Search Complete and ebrary, provide entire articles and books online. In many databases, you can limit your search so that it only returns books and articles available online as full text.
Professional and personal photographs and images can be found on the Internet in these main formats: JPEG, GIF, TIFF. Many websites have images available for free or at a cost. An example is Google images.
The skills needed to recognize when information is needed; knowing how to access information; once the information is gathered, evaluate it; and the ability to use it effectively.
ISP (Internet Service Provider):
commercial company, institution, or organization providing access to the Internet via dial-up or broadband. It will likely be fee based/subscription based and the prices range according to the type of service provided (i.e. dial-up, DSL, Cable). Multiple services such as Internet access and email are usually purchased.
The "ability to access, analyze, communicate, and produce media in a variety of forms." (Vanmeenen, K. (2009). Mind Over Matter : Modern Media Literacy. Afterimage, 37(2), 2.)
Movies: Full length feature fills can be viewed/rented from many websites. There are also independent non-professional short movies that can be viewed at websites. Websites where movies can be accessed or viewed are YouTube and NetFlix. **You can view what is available at these websites by clicking on the example names.
A handheld computer device that is usually small in size, and is controlled by touch and/or a small keyboard. A variety of applications can be downloaded to increase functionality. Some examples of mobile devices include PDAs, smartphones, iPads and tablets.
A journal that gets the opinions of scholars in the field to determine relevance, scholarship and the quality of research presented in an article before deciding to accept it for publication
Points to citations of articles in magazines, journals and newspapers. Some periodical indexes contain citations and abstracts or brief summaries of the articles only. Other indexes contain the full text or entire content of whole articles as they originally appeared in the periodical. A periodical index can be found in print, online, or by using library research databases.
"Primary sources are original materials. They are from the time period involved and have not been filtered through interpretation or evaluation. Primary sources are original materials on which other research is based. They are usually the first formal appearance of results in physical, print or electronic format. They present original thinking, report a discovery, or share new information." From University of Maryland Libraries
RSS Feeds ( Really Simple Syndication):
This technology allows users to get instant updates on data that is frequently updated such as newswires or online radio shows.
Realtime (synchronous) chats
Live conversations in real time using chat software.
" Generally, they are accounts written after the fact with the benefit of hindsight. They are interpretations and evaluations of primary sources. Secondary sources are not evidence, but rather commentary on and discussion of evidence. However, what some define as a secondary source, others define as a tertiary source. Context is everything." From University of Maryland Libraries
A text file that you create to use at the end of your email message. Many people insert their phone number and address in the signature file that they create. Some people include quotes or images.
A network of users sharing, managing, and organizing websites they have saved on a publically accessible page for professional or personal use. Visit the Library and learn more about Organizing Information Tools.
Communicating online with individuals or organizations (association, etc.) by setting up personal profiles for the purpose of sharing information or collaborating. Relationships are built on these networks based on topics of interest. Generally, there is some form of registration and options to restrict access of information. An example of a social networking service is Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn
Information which is a distillation and collection of primary and secondary sources." From University of Maryland Libraries
Web pages that are posted mainly for group members or organizations on a specific topic to used to share information for collaboration purposes. Generally, this is a free service you subscribe to.
WWW (World Wide Web):
"The World Wide Web, or The Web is a protocol for accessing the Internet. It is a network of Internet servers allowing documents formatted in hypertext markup language (HTML) to be linked to other documents graphics, audio, etc." (Webopedia, 2011).