e.g. paranephric, nephropathy
e.g. nephroptosis- downward displacement or dropping of a kidney when its anatomic supports are weakened.
e.g. nephropexy- is an operation to put a floating kidney in place (pexy- means fixation)
e.g. hydronephrosis- obstruction of urine flow may be caused by renal calculi compressionn of the ureter by tumor, or hperplasia of the prostate gland at the base of the bladder in males
e.g. nephrostomy- surgical opening to the outside of the body (from the renal pelvis). This is necessary when a rueter becomes obstructed and the obstruction cannot be removed easily. the renal pelvis becomes distended with urine (hydronephrosis), making nephrostomy necessary