Changing Urban Environments Key Terms
Terms in this set (29)
A process where an increasing proportion of the population lives in towns and cities resulting in their growth
Moving home from a rural area to settle in a town or city
The type of buildings or other features that are found in the area, e.g. terraced housing, banks, industrial estates, roads, parks.
The purpose of a particular area, e.g. for residential use, recreation or shopping.
Central business district (CBD)
The main shopping and device area in a city. The CBD is usually found in the middle of the city so that it is easily accessible.
The area found in the CBD - usually built before 1918 in the UK
Outer city or suburbs
The area on the edge of the city. Many suburbs were built after 1945 and get newer as they reach the edge of the city.
A person living alone, or two or more people living at the same address, sharing a living room.
Land that has been built on before and is to be cleared and reused. These sites are often in the inner city.
Land that has not been built on before, usually in the countryside on the edge of the built-up area.
Urban development corporations (UDCs)
Set up in the 1980s and 1990s using public funding to buy land and improve inner areas of cities, partly by attracting private investment.
A strategy in which local authorities had to design a scheme and submit a bid for funding, competing against other councils. They also had to become part of a partnership involving the local community and private companies who would fund part of the development.
Improving an area.
Community (offering housing, employment and recreation opportunities) that is broadly in balance with the environment and offers people a good quality of life.
Quality of life
How good a person's life is as measured by such things as quality of housing and environment, access to education, health care, how secure people feel and how happy they are with their lifestyle.
A bus service run to key places from car parks on the edges of busy areas in order to reduce traffic flows and congestion in the city centre. Costs are low to encourage people to use the system - they are generally cheaper than fuel and car parking charges in the centre.
Occurs where people of a particular ethnic group choose to live with others from the same ethnic group, separate from other groups.
Areas of cities (usually on the outskirts) that are built by people from any materials they can find on land that does not belong to them. They have different names in different parts of the world (e.g. favela in Brazil) and are often known as shanty towns.
That part of the economy where jobs are created by people to try and get an income (e.g. taking in washing, mending bicycles) and which are not recognised in official figures.
Sometimes known as assisted self-help (ASH), this is where local authorities help the squatter settlement residents to improve their homes by offering finance in the form of loans or grants and often installing water, sanitation, etc.
Site and service
Occur where land is divided into individual plots and water, sanitation, electricity and basic track layout are supplied before any building by residents begins.
A process, usually associated with the development of an economy, where an increasing proportion of people work in industry.
Disposal of waste
Safely getting rid of unwanted items such as solid waste.
A means of disposing of waste by digging a large hole in the ground and lining it before filling it with rubbish.
Collection and subsequent reprocessing of products such as paper, aluminium cans, plastic containers and mobile phones, instead of throwing them away.
Putting harmful substances into the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide.
Transnational corporations (TNCs)
Companies that spread their operations around the world to try to reduce costs.
Putting poisonous substances into water courses such as sewage, industrial effluent and harmful chemicals.
An urban area where residents have a way of life that will last a long time. The environment is not damaged and the economic and social fabric are able to stand the test of time.