A five-foot line made up of an unaccented followed by an accented syllable. Most common metric foot in English poetry.
Refers to a construction or expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word for word in another language.
Elements in a literary work which depend for their effect or result on a reader's interpretation, and which may be interpreted in a number of different (and, likely, mutually conflicting) ways.
Shows rather than tells the attributes of a character through his or her appearance, actions, thoughts, and speech as well as the observations and reactions of others.
A mode of expression in which the intended meaning is the opposite of what is stated, often implying ridicule or light sarcasm; a state of affairs or event that is the reverse of what might have been expected.
Italian (Petrarchan) sonnet
Fourteen line poem divided into two parts: the first is eight lines (abbaabba) and the second is six (cdcdcd or cdecde)
The arrangement of two or more ideas, characters, actions, settings, phrases, or words side-by-side or in similar narrative moments for the purpose of comparison, contrast, rhetorical effect, suspense, or character development
Used particularly in Anglo-Saxon verse, this is the means of expressing or describing one thing in terms of another e. g. ocean becomes "whale-road" or warrior becomes "Helmet-bearer"