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the study of chemicals (drugs) on living tissues and how those chemicals help diagnose, treat, cure, and prevent disease or correct the pathophysiology of living tissues. the study of drugs and their action in the body
the study of how drugs are used in the treatment of illness, which drug to use for a specific disorder, and the appropriate dose, form, route, and frequency to use
the study of drug's effect on cellular physiology and biochemistry and the mechanism of action
the fiedl of pharmacology that involves using living cells, usually altered cultures of Escherichia coli, to manufacture drugs
the science that deals with poisons, their detection, and the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions caused by them
the combined effect of two drugs that is equal to the sum of the effects of each drug taken alone
an additional drug or chemical substance used to increase the efficacy or safety of a primary drug or to facilitate its action
a toxic condition often caused by reactions to drug therapy in which a certain type of white blood cells-- those with very small grandules in the cell body-- is deficient or absent
a substance structurally or chemically similar to another related drug or chemical but that has different effects
a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction accompanied by vasodilation, lowered blood pressure, and shock
dysfunction of the bone marrow, often occuring as a reaction to drug therapy, in which there is a severe decrease in the production of erythrocytes and white blood cells
formation of a chemical compound by enzymes either within an organism (in vivo) or in vitro by fragments of cells
a pathologic condition in which any of the constiuents of the blood are abnormal in structure, function, or quality, as in leukemia or hemophilia
under department of justice; organized to enfore the conrolled substances act. Every manufacturer, physician nurse practitioner, physician assistant, dentist, pharmacy, and hospital that manufactures, prescribes, or dispenses any of the drugs listed in the five schedules must register
an abnormal enlargement of one or both breasts in men; sometimes accompanied by milk production. may be related to hormonal imbalance, adrenal or pituitary tumor, medication containing estrogens or steroidal compounds, or liver disorders
the time interval required for elimination processes to reduce the concentration of a drug in the body by one-half
excessive body hair as a result of hereditary, hormonal dysfunction, porphyria, or medication
sensitive to the effects of the drug, has adverse symptoms, but doesn't have a full allergic reaction
a sensation of numbness, tingling, or a "pins and needles" feeling. may be related to posture, activity, rest, edema, congestion, medication, or underlying disease
physical need for the substance on which one is dependent in order to avoid unpleasant physical withdrawal symptoms
a drug that affects such normal mental functioning as mood, behavior, or thinking processes
a serious, sometimes fatal, inflammatory disease affecting children and young adults. it is characterized by the acute onset of fever, skin rash, and ulcers on the mucous membranes of the lips, eyes, mouth, nasal passage, and genitalia. it may be an allergic reaction to certain drugs, or it may follow pregnancy, herpes virus I, or other infection
where the action of two drugs combined is increased or greater than the effect of the drugs given separately
any substance, agent, or process that interferes with normal prenatal development, causing the formation of one or more developmental abnormalities in the fetus. may be related to chemical agents such as drugs, cleansers, alcohol, or may be related to radiation, infectious agents, age or health of mother or intrauterine trauma
range of level of a drug in the blood that will produce a desired effect without causing toxic effects
increasing resistance to the usual effects of an established dosage of a drug as a result of continued use
a physical and mental response after cessation or severe reduction in the intake of a substance such as alcohol or opiates that has been used regularly to induce euphoria, intoxication, or relief from pain or distress. characterized by anxiery, restlessness, insomnia, irritability, impaired attention, and often physical illness
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