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Chapter 29 Test Review Guide Mr. Hamlin SCA 3/16/16
Terms in this set (67)
what year was John F. Kennedy elected as president of the United States?
What country was the major rival to the United States during the Cold War?
What country is located there today?
Describe guerrilla warfare
fighting with small bands of soldiers
Who are the green berets and what is their purpose?
They are special forces: fight guerrilla warfare
What was created so that President Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev could communicate in a time of crisis?
Where is the United States end of this hotline located today?
What did President Kennedy do to try win over countries with a lot of poverty in Latin America, Asia and Africa to keep them from becoming communists?
provide financial aid
What is an executive order?
What are Peace Corps?
volunteers who work in other countries
what sea is Cuba located in?
What Cuban rebel leader seized power and took control of the cuban government?
What type of government did he set up and what enemy of the US did Cuban become allies with?
set up communist dictatorship
What US state is Cuba located only 90 miles from?
What does the acronym CIA stand for?
Central Intelligence Agency
What is the role of the CIA?
national security act
what is the name of the incident in which CIA recruited Cuban refugees in the US to land in Cuba and overthrow Castro's government?
Bay of Pigs
What action did the Soviet Union and East Germany take to prevent people from East Berlin under communistic rule from fleeing to West Berlin to gain freedom?
set up the Berlin Wall
What was the name of the incident that was the most dangerous dispute in the Cold War between the US and the Soviet Union and what year did it take place?
The Cuban Missile Crisis: 1962
What di an American spy plane discover as it flew foe Cuba in October 1962?
Why was this discovery so alarming to the US government?
the missiles were from the Soviets
What is a blockade and how did the US use this strategy in the Cuban Missile Crisis?
stop any missiles from coming into Cuba
What was the conclusion of the Cuban Missile Crisis?
took missiles out of Cuba
What country sent the first person to orbit the Earth?
What happened on July 20, 1969?
1st Man landed on the moon
What war did the United States get involved in to fight against Communism in the early 1960's? What continent is this country located in?
Vietnam War; Asia
What was the name of the leader that led communist forces to fight against Japanese in WW1, and then the French and later the American in Vietnam?
Ho Chi Minh
What did the Geneva Accords establish and what part of Vietnam was Ho Chi Minh and his Communist nationalists given control over?
worked out peace agreement ; control North Vietnam
Who was NGo Dinh Diem and what did he lead?
lead South Vietnam
Who were the Vietcong?
north vietnamese soldiers
What country became the dominant foreign power in S. Vietnam start in 1955?
What theory shaped American foreign policy in Vietnam from 1955-1975? Who created this theory? Explain what this theory meant.
domino theory; Eisenhower, when one fall many will fall because of that one
How did Buddhists react Ngo Dinh Diem's leadership and his favoritism tow Catholics in S. Vietnam?
What ended up happening to Diem in November 1963?
Who took over as President of the United States later in that same month after President Kennedy was assassinated?
Johnson took his place
Did the United States get less involved or more involved in Vietnam under President Johnson?
Explain the Gulf Tonkin Resolution and why this resolution came about.
President Johnson received authority
explain what conditions made fighting in Vietnam difficult for American troops?
Johnson received authority from congress to use troops in Vietnam
what made it hard for American soldiers to tell friends and enemies apart?
vietcong blended in with civilians and did abuses
what was the purpose and goal of American search and destroy missions?
seek out Vietcong of North Vietnamese units and destroy them
what is napalm and how was is used in the Vietnam War?
sticky chemical fireball and it was used in areas of the jungle
what was Agent orange and why was it used in the war? How did it impact the health of American soldiers?
When it sprayed it was orange; a chemical that made soldiers ill
why did american troops often grow frustrated fighting against the Vietcong?
Some people had to be attracted again
what two groups were opposing each other in the united states in regards to the Vietnam war?
pro war & anti war groups
as united states involvement in the vietnam war increased did support at home increase or decrease?
what was the counterculture in the 1960's?
a movement that rejected american values
what is the military draft?
when they take men to war
name a couple of reasons that people were opposed to the draft?
less people death
what were "doves" or "hawks"?
supporters were hawks opposers were doves
what happened in October 1967 that demonstrated an opposition to the war? why was this location chosen for the demonstration?
50,000 people marched to the pentagon
what is a Tet Offensive?
a series of attacks
what anti-war democratic decided to run for the 1968 election?
Robert F. Kennedy
what pledge did won the 1968 election for president of the united states?
what pledge did Richard Nixon make about the VW as he ran for president?
"Peace with Honor"
what steps did president nixon start to soon after he took office?
what is the nixon doctrine?
change in america
what was vietnamization?
US started bringing home more and more soldiers home
what military decision did nixon make in april 1970 that caused outrage throughout the united states?
sent US troops ti bomb the cambodia
what started happening across the nation as a result of nixon decision?
lots of protests
what is martial law?
emergency military rule
explain what happened at kent state
what were the pentagon papers and why were they important?
government information was leaked people were angry
what are the paris peace accords? what did the US agree to?
put an end to vietnam war and brought US troops home
n vietnam took over south vietnam
in what year did troops finally get back?
about how many americans died in the vietnam war?
what are MIA's?
missing in action
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