60 terms

Greek Allusions

Zeus (Jupiter)
"Father of Gods and Men" He ruled the Olympians of Mount Olympus. He is the god of sky and thunder.
Hera (Juno)
She is the goddess of women and marriage. cow, and later, The peacock were sacred to her. She is known for her jealous and vengeful nature
Hephaestus (Vulcan)
Son of Zeus. He was the god of technology, blacksmiths, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metals, metallurgy, fire and volcanoes. His symbols are a smith's hammer, an anvil and a pair of tongs.
Hermes (Mercury)
Messenger of the gods. God of commerce, thieves, travelers, sports, and border crossings. His symbols include the tortoise, the rooster, the winged sandals, the winged hat
Hades (Pluto)
God of the underworld. Brother of Zeus.
God of light and the sun; truth and prophecy; medicine, healing, and plague; music, poetry, and the arts. Depicted with a lyre and a python.
Athena (Minerva)
Goddess of wisdom, warfare and crafts. The Athenians built the Parthenon in her honor.
Artemis (Diana)
Goddess of the Hunt, Forests and Hills, the Moon. She is depicted with a bow and arrows
Ares (Mars)
God of War and Bloodshed
Poseidon (Neptune)
The God of the Sea
Demeter (Ceres)
Goddess of the Earth, Agriculture, Harvest, and Forests. Zeus' sister.
Hestia (Vesta)
Goddess of the Hearth (brickstone fireplace). She received the first offering at every sacrifice in the household
Aphrodite (Venus)
Goddess of Love, Beauty and Sexuality. Because of her beauty other gods feared that jealousy would interrupt the peace among them and lead to war, and so Zeus married her to Hephaestus, who was not viewed as a threat.
Persephone (Proserpina)
The Queen of the Underworld. Becomes partners with Hades
Was a hunter from the territory of Thespiae in Boeotia who was renowned for his beauty. As divine punishment he fell in love with his own reflection in a pool. (Narcissism-egotistic, selfish)
She loved her own voice. She would distract and amuse Hera with long and entertaining stories. She was punished by having her voice taken away. She can only repeat the voice of another.
A great mortal weaver who boasted that her skill was greater than that of Minerva. Minerva turned her into a spider because she was jealous.
Dionysus (Bacchus)
The ancient Greek god of the grape harvest and winemaking. The driving force behind Greek theater. The god who inspires joyful worship and ecstasy
Goddess of The Soul. So beautiful that Venus had her son Cupid make her fall in love with someone unsuitable. Cupid falls in love with her. Then Venus puts a curse on her that she cant fall in love or marry again.
The god of desire and affection. Son of Venus. The icon of Valentines Day
The daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis. The wife to the hero Jason. She gets revenge on him when he picks a different wife.
"cunning worker" A skillful craftsman and artisan who created the minotaur and gave his son wings.
The son of the master craftsman Daedalus. His father gave him wings. He ignored instructions not to fly too close to the sun, and fell to his death
A woman of high lineage, from whom the name of the continent Europe has ultimately been taken. She was abducted by Zeus in the form of a white bull.
The priestess of Hera. She was changed into a young cow. She was loosed to roam the world, stung by a maddening horsefly
A nation of all-female warriors
A minor goddess of magic who livied on the island of Aeaea, famous for her part in the adventures of Odysseus. Turned Odysseus into a pig.
God of Shepherds, Flocks, Goats, and of Mountain Wilds. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat.
"Midas touch", the power to transmute whatever he touched into gold.
Heracles (Hercules)
A divine hero and son of Zeus. The greatest of the Greek heroes
The son of King Atreus of Mycenae. Upon his return from Troy he was murdered.
A legendary king of Mycenaean. A hero of the Trojan War
A daughter of the accidentally incestuous marriage between King Oedipus of Thebes and his mother Jocasta. She attempts to secure a respectable burial for her brother Polyneices
The daughter of King Priam and Queen Hecuba of Troy. Her beauty caused Apollo to grant her the gift of prophecy.
He fulfilled a prophecy that said he would kill his father and marry his mother (Jocasta).
Gave birth to Oedipus who was abandoned and killed his father and married her.
The Greek god of the west wind.
Falls in love with Thisbe through a crack in the wall. They agree to meet but Thisbe runs away when she sees a lion. Pyramis believes she is dead when she sees the veil on the floor and then he kills himself. Thisbe follows suit short after.
Falls in love with Pyramis through a crack in the wall. They agree to meet but she runs away when she sees a lion. Pyramis believes she is dead when she sees the veil on the floor and then he kills himself. She sees this and follows suit.
A blind prophet of Thebes. Famous for being transformed into a woman for seven years
The king of Troy during the Trojan War. He had many wives.
A river which formed a boundary between earth and the underworld. It circles the Underworld nine times.
Famous as the leader of the Argonauts and their quest for the Golden Fleece.
The gigantic one-eyed son of Poseidon. Homer's The Odyssey
The guardian of Io when in cow form. A giant with 100 eyes.
A daughter of Agamemnon. Agamemnon must sacrifice Iphigenia to Artemis in order for the winds to allow him to sail to Troy.
"To give what is due" The spirit of divine retribution against those who were arrogant before the gods.
A champion of mankind, known for his wily intelligence, who stole fire from Zeus and gave it to mortals. Zeus then punished him for his crime by having him bound to a rock while a great eagle ate his liver every day only to have it grow back to be eaten again the next day
The brother of Prometheus. Prometheus is smart, he is foolish. They were titans who "acted as representatives of mankind".
The first woman. Each god helped create her by giving her unique gifts.
A member of a primordial race of giants, each with a single eye in the middle of its forehead.
A 3 headed dog which guards the gates of Hades.
Part human and part horse.
Head of a bull on the body of a man.
The mythical founder-king of Athens. Traveled to Athens through the 6 gateways of Hades.
Odysseus (Ulysses)
A legendary Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey. He is most famous for the ten eventful years he took to return home after the ten-year Trojan War and his famous Trojan Horse trick.
Golden Fleece
The fleece of the gold-haired winged ram. Jason and his band of Argonauts must get the fleece in order for Jason to be king.
A band of heroes who joined with Jason to search for the Golden Fleece.
Son of Priam, king of Troy. Probably the best-known was his elopement with Helen, queen of Sparta. This caused the Trojan War.
The ferryman of Hades who carries souls of the newly deceased to the Underworld.