Create an account
a family of wind instruments that usually includes the French horn, trumpet, trombone, and tuba
a multi-movement composition for voices and instrumental accompaniment; smaller in scale than the oratorio
passage added to the closing section of a movement or musical composition in order to create the sense of a definite ending
an instrumental composition consisting of one or more solo instruments and a larger group of instruments playing in "dialogue"
a method of inquiry that begins with clearly established general premises and moves toward the establishment of particular truths
a movement or system of thought advocating natural religion based on human reason rather than revelation; deists describe God as Creator, but deny that God interferes with the laws of the universe
a system of tuning that originated in the seventeenth century, whereby the octave is divided into twelve half-steps of equal size; since intervals have the same value in all keys, music may be played in any key, and a musician may change from one key to another with complete freedom.
a kind of engraving in which a metal plate is covered with resin, then incised with a burin; acid is applied to "eat" away the exposed lines, which are inked before the plate is wiped clean and printed
in baroque music, the line of music with numbers written below (or above) it to indicate the required harmonies, usually improvised in the form of keyboard chords accompanying the melody
a directive indicating that the music should be played very loud; its opposite is pianissimo ("very soft")
a polyphonic composition in which a theme (or subject) is imitated, restated, and developed by successively entering voice parts
a pair of rhymed iambic pentameter lines that reach completion in structure and in sense at the end of the second line
a musical texture consisting of a dominant melody supported by chordal accompaniment that is far less important than the melody
in philosophy, the theory that holds that reality consists of the mind and its ideas; transcendental (or critical) idealism is Kant's name for the doctrine that knowledge is a synthetic product of the logical self
a method of inquiry that begins with direct observation and experimentation and moves toward the establishment of general conclusions or axioms
a general policy of non-interference in the economy, defended by such classical economists as Adam Smith
a musical setting of a long text, either religious or secular, for soloists, chorus, narrator, and orchestra; usually performed without scenery, costumes, or dramatic action
the musical notation for all of the instruments or voices in a particular composition; a composite from which the whole piece may be conducted or studied
an instrumental composition consisting of three movements of contrasting tempo, usually fast/slow/fast
instruments that usually includes the violin, viola, cello, and double bass (which are normally bowed); the harp, guitar, lute, and zither (which are normally plucked) can also be included, as can the viol, a bowed instrument common in the 16th and 17th centuries and a forerunner of the violin family
instrumental composition consisting of a sequence or series of movements derived from court or folk dances
a type of still life consisting of objects that symbolize the brevity of life and the transience of earthly pleasures and achievements
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together