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History of Medicine in the Philippines

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When was UPCM established?
1908
When was PGH established?
1910
Eliodoro Mercado
chalmoogra oil for leprosy
Manuel Guerrero
Tiki tiki for beri-beri
Pedro Lantin
Exsanguination transfusion for typhoid
Juan Salcedo
Efficacy of Vit. B1 for tx of beri-beri
Faustino Garcia
Banaba for DM
1915
Philippine Health Services- Maternal and Child Health, School Health, Beri-beri prevention, TB and other infectious diseases
1939
Philippine Medical Association
First Commissioner of the Commission on Education, Health and Public Welfare
Claro M. Recto
Institutions occupied by the Japanese army
San Juan de Dios and Quezon Institute
Institutions that continued to function without interruption by the Japanese army
UPCM and PGH
February 1945
Americans reoccupied Manila and the Philippine Civil Affairs was organized
When were Afable College of Medicine and Surgery, and MCU-CM forclosed?
1946 and 1947, respectively
Postwar reorganization:
Preventive Care
Curative Service
PC- Bureau of Health
CS- Bureau of Hospitals
Creation of RHUs
1951
Establishement of Medical Schools:
FEU
UE
CIM
1952
1956
1957
1960
creation of specialty boards:
Obstetrics Specialty Boards
Philippiine Society of General Practitioners
College of Physicians Board of Medicine
1969
approval of the Philippine Medical Care Act
1970
emergence of managed care facilities
1972
R.A. 6245 Dangerous Drugs Act (but it was revised on 2002: R.A. 9165)
1973
Acupuncturists were recognized by the DOH
goal of the government immunization program (1976)
a fully immunized child (90% rate attained in 1979)
DOH was renamed Ministry of Health
1978
First minister of the Ministry of Health
Clemente Gatmaitan
National TB Program was relaunched
1980
RITM was opened
1981
Nat'l reference lab for HIV testing, coordinating center for antimicrobial resistance surveillance and reference center for problematic infectious and tropical diseases
RITM
BFAD was created
1982
Ensures the safety and purity of food, drugs, medical devices and cosmetics
BFAD
on _______, the Phil. gov't and Japan International Cooperation agency signed a memorandum of agreement for a new completely upgraded food and drug laboratory facility in
1985, Alabang Muntinlupa
The Philippine Society of TEachers in Family Medicine was recognized as an academic society by the APMC
1987
R.A. 6675
1988- by the newly elected congress
when was the first successful liver transplant performed?
Aug. 4, 1988
When was the Philippine National Drug Formulary published?
1989
This is the basic component of the national drug policy which seeks to bring about the availability of safe, quality and affordable drugs to the public.
Philippine National Drug Formulary
When was the National Graduate School for the Health Sciences and National Institute of Health created?
1993
first heart transplant in the country:
when?
where?
who?
May 28, 1994
Makati Medical Center
Dr. George Garcia
What law replaced the Medicare Act of 1969?
National Health Insurance Act of 1995
first partial liver transplant from a mother to her 15 month old child with biliary atresia:
when?
where?
who?
April 12, 1996
National Kidney Transplant Institute (NKTI)
Prof. Tao Tony Chan from Chang Gung Medical Center with the team of Dr. Enrique Ona
Knowledge of facts, phenomenon, laws, proximate causes gained and verified by exact observation
Science
Physician must be equipped with
Knowledge and Skills
of the
Basic and Clinical sciences
The skillful systematic means for the attainment of some end.
Art
The process of boring holes in the skull to get rid of diseases. This was practiced during the pre historic era.
Trepanation
They believed that diseases are afflictions sent by gods.
Greeks
written records
3000 BC
medicine was a flourishing art that accompanied the development of civilization in : 3 places
Egypt, India, China
Considered as the first physician. He was also the chief counselor and minister of the pharoah.
Imhotep
States that "a doctor was to be held responsible for surgical errors and failures"
Code of Hammurabai (Sumerians- 2000 BC)
Contributions of Hippocrates
- case histories
- vivid descriptions of diseases
- importance of observation, dx and tx
- imbalance of the 4 humors of the body (black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood) can cause dse
-delineated medicine from philosophy and religion
- OATH OF PHYSICIANS
Considered the most famous healing center from 500 BC- 500 AD
Grecian Temple of Ascelepius
He was known as the first biologist: laid the foundation of comparative anatomy and embryology
Aristotle
Father of experimental physiology
Galen (130- 200 AD)
- vallue of anatomy and experimentation in medical practice
- the brain controls the body through the nerves
- observed illness and tried to find out what caused them
Excellent doctors, showed great charity and treated patients to the best of their ability, persecuted, proclaimed saints.
Cosmas and Damian (4th century)
Middle Ages: believed as punishment from God or poison in the air
Bubonic plague outbreak (caused by Yersinia pestis)
Described measles and smallpox as children's diseases; best known Arabian contributor to medicine
Rhazes of Persia
Where and when was the first medical school established?
Salerno, Southern Italy, 848 AD
Published during the Renaissance Period
De Contagione
A mystic who advocated the use of chemicals in medicine
Paracelus
A scholar with interest in epidemic infection
Fracostoro of Verona
Invented the microscope
Johannes Janssen- 1590
Traced blood circulation
William Harvey (1628)
Lemon juice for scurvy
James Lind of Edinburgh
Application and effects of percussion
Leopold Auenbrugger
Presence of sugar in the urine of diabetic patients
Matthew Dobson
Discovered digitalis
William Withering
An OB-GYNEcologist who laid the foundations of surgical anatomy
John Hunter of England
An Italian physician who wrote abut occupational disease
Bernardino Ramazzini
Acclaimed by the medical world as the conqueror of smallpox
Edward Jenner
Raised physiology as a distinct science. A professor of Bonn and Berlin Universities.
Johannes Muller
Originated the concept of the cell as the center of pathological changes.
Rudolf Virchow
Discovered reflex action
Marshall Hall
Researcher of the nervous sys.
Sir Charles Bell
Correlated microorganism with specific dse.
Pasteur and Koch
Boston dentist. Controlled pain with ether anesthesia.
William TG Morton
A Jewish physician who discovered the treatment for syphilis.
German Erlich
Invented CT scan
Goudfrey Hounsfield
Used by Filipinos during the pre- Spanish colonization era to cure sickness.
herbal drugs and rituals
Among the Tagalogs, the physician was a priestess called
Katalonan
Assimilation of the medical practice by the Chinese traders
14th century
establishment of San Juan de Dios
1596
establishment of San Lazaro Hospital
1631
UST
April 28, 1611- Oldest university in Asia
-1628- college of medicine and pharmacy
-1821- licentiate in medicine (7-year course)
-1871- curriculum expansion of San Juan de Dios as training hospital
Training hospital of UST
San Juan de Dios
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