55 terms

USI.5 Colonial America

Lost Colony
Roanoke Island
colonies established as economic ventures
- Roanoke Island
- Jamestown
first permanent English settlement in North America
year Jamestown was founded
colonies settled to avoid religious persecution
- Plymouth
- Massachusetts Bay
- Pennsylvania
separatists from the Church of England
founders of Plymouth Colony
founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony
settled in Pennsylvania
settled by people who had been in debtor's prison and hoped to start a new life in the New World
geographical features
what shaped life in the colonies
natural, capital or human
focusing on one or a few products
two or more people depending on each other for goods and services
this caused the colonies to be interdependent
New England's natural resources
- timber
- fish
- deep harbors
New England's human resources
- skilled craftsmen
- shopkeepers
- shipbuilders
New England geography
- Appalachian Mountains
- Boston Harbor
- hilly terrain
- rocky soil
- jagged coastline
New England climate
- moderate summers
- cold winters
New England specialized in:
- fishing
- shipbuilding
- naval supplies
- metal tools and equipment
New England & the Mid-Atlantic depended on the South for:
- tobacco, rice, cotton and indigo (crops)
- lumber, tar and pitch (forest products)
New England depended on the Mid-Atlantic for:
livestock and grains
New England social life
- villages and churches were the center of life
- religious reformers and separatists
New England civic life
town meetings
Mid-Atlantic's natural resources
rich farmlands and rivers
Mid-Atlantic's human resources
- unskilled and skilled workers
- fishermen
Mid-Atlantic geography
- Appalachian Mountains
- coastal lowlands
- harbors and bays
Mid-Atlantic climate
- mild winters and moderate climate
- wide and deep rivers
The Mid-Atlantic specialized in:
- livestock
- grains
- fish
The Mid-Atlanitc and Southern colonies depended on New England for:
- metal tools and equipment
Mid-Atlantic social life
- villages and cities
- varied & diverse lifestyles and religions
Mid-Atlantic civic life
market towns
Southern natural resources
- fertile farmlands
- rivers & harbors
Southern human resources
- farmers
- enslaved Afrian Americans
Southern geography
- Appalachian mountains
- Piedmont
- Atlantic Coastal Plain
- good harbors and rivers
Southern climate
- humid climate
- mild winters
- hot summers
Southern colonies specialized in:
tobacco, rice, cotton, indigo, lumber, tar and pitch
Southern colonies depended on the Mid-Atlantic for:
grains and other agricultural products not plentiful in the South
Southern social life
- plantations (slavery)
- mansions
- indentured servants
- fewer cities and schools
- Church of England
Southern civic life
colonists' lives varied greatly depending upon:
thier social position
large landowners
- lived predominatley in the South
- relied on indentured servants or enslaved African Americans for labor
- educated in some cases
- rich social culture
- worked the land according to their region
- relied on family for labor
- worked as craftsmen in towns or on plantations
- lived in small villages or cities
- worked as caretakers, house-workers and homemakers
- were not allowed to vote
- had few opportunities for education
free African Americans
- were able to own land
- had economic freedom and could work for pay
- were not allowed to vote
indentured servants
- men and women who did not have money for passage to the colonies and agreed to work without pay for the person who paid for their passage
- were free at the end of their contract
enslaved African Americans
- were captured in their native Africa and sold to slave traders; then they were shipped to the colonies and sold into slavery
- owned as property for life without any rights
- often were born into slavery
Great Britain
established and attempted to retain control over the colonies
became Great Britain in the early 1700's
French and Indian War
led to taxes on the colonies afterwards
colonists received goods from Great Britain in return for:
raw materials
colonial trade
Great Britain imposed strict control over trade
British laws
enforced by governors; colonists had to obey
colonial governors
appointed by the king or the proprietor
colonial legislatures
made laws for each colony but were monitored by colonial governors

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