Apologia Biology Module 13 Edition 2
Terms in this set (26)
segments of bone or some other hard substance that are arranged into a backbone
a rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a creature's body, providing the majority of its support
a skeleton on the inside of a creature's body, typically composed of bone or cartilage
Soft tissue inside the bone that produces blood cells
the portion of the skeleton that supports and protects the head, neck, and trunk
the portion of the skeleton that attaches to the axial skeleton and has the limbs attached to it
Closed Circulatory System
a circulatory system in which the oxygen-carrying blood cells never leave the blood vessels
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Tiny, thin-walled blood vessels that allow the exchange of gases and nutrients between the blood and the cells of the body
blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
the lobes of the brain that receive signals from the receptors in the nose
the lobes of the brain that integrate sensory information and coordinate the creature's response to that information
the lobes of the brain that receive signals from the receptors in the eyes
The lobe that controls involuntary actions and refines muscle movement.
the lobes that coordinate vital funtions, such as those of the circulatroy and respiratory systems, and transport signals from the brain to the spinal cord.
the process by which the male places the sperm inside the females's body, where the eggs are fertilized
the process by which the female lays eggs and the male fertilizes them once they are outside of the female
Development that occurs in an egg that is hatched outside the female's body.
Development that occurs in an egg that is hatched inside the female's body.
Development that occurs inside the female allowing the offspring to gain nutrients and vital substances from the mother through a placenta.
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, migrate to salt water as adults, and then go back to fresh water in order to reproduce.
a mixture of salts and phospholipids that aids in the breakdown of fat
A heart chamber that receives blood.
a heart chamber from which blood is pumped out
lacking an internal mechanism for regulating body heat
A state of extremely low metabolism and respriation, accompanied by lower-than-normal body temperatures.