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6 terms

Burn Agents Only

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Silver Sulfadiazine
Topical agents used in burn care:
Advantages: Can be used with/without dressings, painless, can be applied directly to wound, broad-spectrum, effective against yeast.

Disadvantages: Does not penetrate eschar
Silver Nitrate
Topical agents used in burn care:
Advantages: Broad-spectrum, non-allergenic, dressing application is painless

Disadvantages: Poor penetration, discolours - making assessment difficult, can cause severe electrolyte imbalances, removal of dressings is painful
Povidone-iodine
Topical agents used in burn care:
Advantages: Broad-spectrum, antifungal, easily removed with water

Disadvantages: Not effective against pseudomonas, may impair thyroid function, painful application
Mafenide Acetate
Topical agents used in burn care:
Advantages: Broad-spectrum, penetrates eschar, may be used with/without occlusive dressings

Disadvantages: May cause metabolic acidosis, may compromise respiratory function, may inhibit epithelialization, painful application
Gentamicin
Topical agents used in burn care:
Advantages: Broad-spectrum, may be covered or left open to air

Disadvantages: Has caused resistant strains, ototoxic, nephrotoxic
Nitrofurzone
Topical agents used in burn care:
Advantages: Bacteriocidal, broad-spectrum

Disadvantages: May lead to overgrowth of fungus and pseudomonas, painful application