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37 terms

Hormone function

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Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Stimulates production of cortisol
Oxytocin
Stimulates uterine contractions and milk ejection during suckling; target uterus and breasts
Antidiuretic Hormone
Decreases water loss by increasing reabsorption of water into blood and decreasing urine production and increase blood pressure
Androgens
Increases sex drive in females
Thyroxine
Increases basel metabolic rate of most cells
Triiodothyronine
Increases basel metabolic rate of most cells
Luteinizing hormone
Triggers ovulation and stimulates secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females. Males: stimulates production of sperm
Parathyroid Hormone
Increases blood calcium levels by increasing activity of osteoclasts
Epinephrine
Increases blood glucose by accelerating breakdown of glycogen into glocuse
Norepinephrine
Increases blood glucose by accelerating breakdown of glycogen into glocuse
Prolactin
Promotes milk production by mammary glands
Cortisol
Increases glucose formation lipoylis; resistance to stress. decreases inflammation. Target most cells
Melatonin
Contributes to setting the body's biological clock
Melanocyte-stimulation hormone
Darkens skin pigmentation ( exact role not known)
human Growth Hormone
Stimulates secretion of insulin -like growth factor. Causing growth of the body cells.
Calcitonin
Decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts; Stimulates activity of osteoclasts. target tissue, osteoclasts
Thymosin
Promotes the maturation of T cells for the immune respose
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Stimulates development of oocytes and induce secretion of estrogen and progesterone.
Insulin
Increase glucose by uptake body's cell, lower glucose levels
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
Stimulates the secretion of Luteinizing Hormone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Thyrotropin- Releasing Hormone
Stimulates the production of the thyroid stimulating hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Stimulate secretion of human growth hormone
Prolactin Releasing Hormone
Stimulate secretion of prolactin
Prolactin Inhibiting Hormone
Inhibits secretion of prolactin
Corticotropin Releasing Hormone
Promotes secretion of Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Promotes synthesis of thyroid hormones
Aldosterone
Increases water absorption by osmosis; decreases water in urnine; increases K+ and H+ secretion
Pancreatic Polypeptide
Inhintis secretion of somatostatin, causes gall bladder contration.
Inhibin
Inhibit secretion of FSH
Testosterone
Decent of testes before birth. Regulation of spermatogeneis. Develement and maintenance of male secondary sex traits
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Stimulates production of sperm.
Dehydroepiandrosterone
Early hair growth in both males and females (armpits and pubic hair)
Dehydroepiandrosterone
Source of estrogen after menopause; libido
Glucagon
Increases the breakdown of glycogen to increase blood glucose level
Somatostatin
Inhibits secretion of insulin and glucogon
Estrogen and Progesterone
Regulates females reproductive cycle and oogenesis. Maintains pregnancy and prepares mammary glands for lactation. Development and female sex characteristic
Relaxin
Dilate uterine cervix during labor and delivery. Relaxes pubic symphysis dring pragnancy.