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Chabner Chapter 2


Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials


breakdown of more complex substances into simpler ones with release of energy

cell membrane

thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell


Rod-shaped structures in nucleus made of DNA calle genes.46 chromosomes (23)pairs.


The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucleus


Chemical found within each shromosone. Arranged like a sequence of recipes in code, it directs the activities of the cell.

endoplamsmic reticulum

Stucture (canals) within the cytoplasm. Large proteins are made for smaller proteins. Anabolism takes place here.


regions of DNA within each chromosome


Picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell that are arranged in numerical order to determine their number and structure.


The total of the chemical processes in a cell. It includes catabolism and anabolism.


Structures in the cytoplasm of cells that functions in energy production. Food burned= enerygy released.
Catabolism takes place here.


control center of the cell. It contains chromosomes and directs the activities of the cell.

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