PSY2012 ch 1-3
Terms in this set (30)
Entire fields of psychology focus on the _____ that distinguish one person's interaction with the world from another's.
Tiffany spends a great deal of time reading self-help books on relationships. She has had several failed relationships and is bewildered by the events related to them. Even though she knows most of these books are pseudoscience, Tiffany is attracted to them because
she is trying to make order out of disorder
reflection on the self
According to the authors, one reason we must sometimes look to authorities is because we have difficulty evaluating claims of human behavior due to
lack of time
A skeptic is one who
accepts claims on the basis of persuasive scientific evidence
When students begin to read through their introductory psychology textbook, they are often surprised to learn that
many of the beliefs about the causes of thoughts and behaviors are incorrecti
According to the authors, psychology is a method for
acquiring more insight into the hows and whys of human behavior
According to the authors, a skeptic is someone who
evaluates all claims with an open mind and insists on evidence before accepting a claim
You are listening in on a discussion among a group of psychology majors. One major says that the field will move forward only if we use objective methods for understanding the principles that guide human actions. This statement is most consistent with
Nico is meeting with his academic adviser. He wishes to pursue a career where he'll work to diagnose and treat mental disorders. Nico aspires to be a(n.
In attempt to examine whether research done in a laboratory setting can, in fact, be generalized to the "real world," Douglas Mook pointed out that studies that had high internal validity often had high external validity and could be repeated in a way that yielded the same, or at least similar, findings. Which principle of critical thinking does this address?
A mechanism by which experts in a field carefully screen the work of their colleagues is known as
Which of the following is a measure of central tendency?
mode, mean, median
In one research project, a scientist gave students subliminal cassette tapes and told them to play them for 2 months. After 2 months, she assessed whether the tapes helped the self-esteem of her participants and found that self-esteem had indeed risen! While she may have attributed this to the tapes, it is also possible that those students may have found college life to be manageable and thus experienced an increase in self-esteem for that reason. This demonstrates which principle of critical thinking?
Ruling out rival hypothesis
Dr. Watson wanted to know which sex was better at sharing at the sixth-grade level, so he went to the local middle school to observe lunch periods. This is a form of
When acting as a participant in a research study examining the relationship between alcohol consumption and driving ability, Layla was assigned to the experimental group that received the highest amount of alcohol to drink. Despite this ingestion of liquor, Layla was still able to navigate the driver's course perfectly. The experimenter did not consider the fact that Layla had been a drinker for many years, and had developed a high alcohol tolerance. This factor, which impacted the dependent variable in the study, would be called a(n) _____ variable
In which situation would presenting the mean as one's measure of central tendency be least accurate?
when the distribution is negatively skewed
A mental shortcut that helps us to streamline our thinking and make sense of our world is called a
Dr. Nolen wants to know the effects of removing portions of one's hippocampus on long-term memory, in the hopes of one day finding a cure for patients with Alzheimer's disease. The subjects for his study are most likely to be
A medical doctor believes that the presence of aromatherapy will reduce the anxiety of first-time mothers-to-be during labor and will increase their reported satisfaction with their care at his hospital. He randomly assigns mothers to give birth in a room either with or without aromatherapy. What is the independent variable in this example?
presence or absence of aromatherap
When you see someone you have a crush on and your heart pounds, your hands get sweaty, and your cheeks feel hot, your _____ is/are active.
autonomic nervous system
Marta was in an automobile accident and suffered an injury to her brain resulting in paralysis of her left arm. What part of Marta's brain was injured?
The subdivision of the peripheral nervous system that consists of nerves that control all of the involuntary organs and glands is called the _____ nervous system.
During an action potential, the electrical charge inside the neuron is _____ the electrical charge outside the neuron
positive compared to
The _____ is sometimes called the emergency center of the body
When a cognitive function relies on one cerebral hemisphere more than the other, this phenomenon is known as
Drugs that decrease a neuron's receptor site activity are called
Libby's physician refers her to a medical center in order to have the biochemical activity in her brain analyzed. She is given an injection of a radioactive glucose-like substance and then is told to lie down with her head in a scanner. The technique being used is _____.
positron emission tomography
Hormones are chemicals that are secreted and go directly into _____.
Which of the following is a likely endocrine-based effect of damage to the hypothalamus?
deregulation of hormones
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