13 terms

Influences on American Government

Age of Enlightenment
Term given to time period (apx. 1600s to 1800s) when people began to place emphasis on finding truth through reason and logic. Sometimes known as the Age of Reason.
Natural Rights
The "unalienable Rights" that Thomas Jefferson refered to in the Declaration of Independence are also know as?
Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are . . .
The consent of the governed.
According to the Declaration of Independence, governments derive their just powers from what?
John Locke
Enlightenment philosopher who claimed that all people were born with natural rights to life, liberty and property.
Common Sense
Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine, which argued for independence from Great Britain.
Thomas Paine
Who wrote Common Sense, a pamphlet published in January of 1776, which called for independence from Great Britain.
Montesquieu (full name and title - Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu)
In the "Spirit of the Laws", who called for the separation of powers in government in order to provide checks and balances to help prevent the abuse of power?
Magna Carta
What document was signed in 1215 by King John of England?
Mayflower Compact
Basically a promise to work together for the good of the group, 41 Pilgrims aboard a ship bound for America signed what document in 1620?
Spirit of the Laws
One major influence on the decision to separate Federal power into three different branches of government in the Constitution of 1787 was Montesquieu's book titled
English Bill of Rights
The right to bear arms, freedom of speech, and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment were all rights guaranteed to English subjects in what 1689 document?
Parliament passed the English Bill of Rights in what year?