NSF 2016 Regionals - Junior Spelling - "C" Words

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chesstree
a piece of wood with a sheave or sheaves formerly bolted in the topsides of a ship and through which a tack or sheet was rove
coppernose
an inflamed nose such as that of acne rosacea or that sometimes produced by habitual drunkenness
cadet
a military trainee (as at a military academy)
cafeteria
a restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier
calendar
a list or register of events (appointments or social events or court cases etc); a tabular array of the days (usually for one year)
calorimetric
of or relating to the measurement of heat
campaign
an overland journey by hunters (especially in Africa); a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end
candidate
someone who is considered for something (for an office or prize or honor etc.); a politician who is running for public office
canopy
a covering (usually of cloth) that serves as a roof to shelter an area from the weather; the umbrellalike part of a parachute that fills with air
caper
a playful leap or hop; a crime (especially a robbery)
captain
a dining-room attendant who is in charge of the waiters and the seating of customers; the pilot in charge of an airship
car
a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine; a wheeled vehicle adapted to the rails of railroad
careworn
showing the wearing effects of overwork or care or suffering
carnage
the savage and excessive killing of many people
carnival
a festival marked by merrymaking and processions; a traveling show; having sideshows and rides and games of skill etc.
carp
any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae; the lean flesh of a fish that is often farmed; can be baked or braised
carrier
(genetics) an organism that possesses a recessive gene whose effect is masked by a dominant allele; the associated trait is not apparent but can be passed on to offspring; a rack attached to a vehicle; for carrying luggage or skis or the like
carving
removing parts to create a desired shape; a sculpture created by removing material (as wood or ivory or stone) in order to create a desired shape
cask
the quantity a cask will hold; a cylindrical container that holds liquids
castle
interchanging the positions of the king and a rook; a large building formerly occupied by a ruler and fortified against attack
cathedral
relating to or containing or issuing from a bishop's office or throne; any large and important church
cavity
(anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body; soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth
celebrate
have a celebration; assign great social importance to
cellular
characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization); relating to cells
celluloid
artificial as if portrayed in a film; highly flammable substance made from cellulose nitrate and camphor; used in e.g. motion-picture and X-ray film; its use has decreased with the development of nonflammable thermoplastics
centralization
gathering to a center; the act of consolidating power under a central control
cereal
made of grain or relating to grain or the plants that produce it; a breakfast food prepared from grain
chapel
a place of worship that has its own altar; a service conducted in a place of worship that has its own altar
character
(genetics) an attribute (structural or functional) that is determined by a gene or group of genes; the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions
charitable
full of love and generosity; showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding and generosity
charm
something believed to bring good luck; (physics) one of the six flavors of quark
charterhouse
a Carthusian monastery
chocolate
a medium brown to dark-brown color; a food made from roasted ground cacao beans
choker
a high tight collar; necklace that fits tightly around a woman's neck
church
a place for public (especially Christian) worship; one of the groups of Christians who have their own beliefs and forms of worship
churn
a vessel in which cream is agitated to separate butterfat from buttermilk; stir (cream) vigorously in order to make butter
circulate
cause to become widely known; move around freely
civics
the social science of municipal affairs
clarinet
a single-reed instrument with a straight tube
clatter
a rattling noise (often produced by rapid movement); make a rattling sound
Clementine
a mandarin orange of a deep reddish orange color and few seeds; a variety of mandarin orange that is grown around the Mediterranean and in South Africa
clergy
in Christianity, clergymen collectively (as distinguished from the laity)
clever
showing inventiveness and skill; skillful (or showing skill) in adapting means to ends
climatologist
someone who is expert in climatology
closet
a small private room for study or prayer; a small room (or recess) or cabinet used for storage space
clumsy
not elegant or graceful in expression; lacking grace in movement or posture
cobweb
a dense elaborate spider web that is more efficient than the orb web; filaments from a web that was spun by a spider
cockatoo
white or light-colored crested parrot of the Australian region; often kept as cage birds
coinage
coins collectively; the act of inventing a word or phrase
collapse
a mishap caused by something suddenly falling down or caving in; an abrupt failure of function or health
college
a complex of buildings in which an institution of higher education is housed; British slang for prison
collision
a conflict of opposed ideas or attitudes or goals; an accident resulting from violent impact of a moving object
colonial
composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony; of or relating to or characteristic of or inhabiting a colony
colorless
weak in color; not colorful; lacking in variety and interest
commando
an amphibious military unit trained for raids into enemy territory; a member of a military unit trained as shock troops for hit-and-run raids
commonwealth
a world organization of autonomous states that are united in allegiance to a central power but are not subordinate to it or to one another; the official name of some states in the United States (Massachusetts and Pennsylvania and Virginia and Kentucky) and associated territories (Puerto Rico)
companion
one paid to accompany or assist or live with another; a person who is frequently in the company of another
compromise
a middle way between two extremes; an accommodation in which both sides make concessions
confection
the act of creating something (a medicine or drink or soup etc.) by compounding or mixing a variety of components; a food rich in sugar
confess
confess to God in the presence of a priest, as in the Catholic faith; confess to a punishable or reprehensible deed, usually under pressure
congealed
congealed into jelly; solidified by cooling
connote
involve as a necessary condition of consequence; as in logic; express or state indirectly
constant
steadfast in purpose or devotion or affection; continually recurring or continuing without interruption
constitutional
sanctioned by or consistent with or operating under a constitution; of benefit to or intended to benefit your physical makeup
contamination
the act of contaminating or polluting; including (either intentionally or accidentally) unwanted substances or factors; the state of being contaminated
contract
a variety of bridge in which the bidder receives points toward game only for the number of tricks he bid; a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law
controversy
a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
conversion
a spiritual enlightenment causing a person to lead a new life; a successful free throw or try for point after a touchdown
convoy
the act of escorting while in transit; a collection of merchant ships with an escort of warships
correspond
exchange messages; be equivalent or parallel, in mathematics
cortex
the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal; the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
cosmetic
serving an aesthetic purpose in beautifying the body; serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose
cowcatcher
an inclined metal frame at the front of a locomotive to clear the track
cower
show submission or fear; crouch or curl up
cranberry
very tart red berry used for sauce or juice; any of numerous shrubs of genus Vaccinium bearing cranberries
cranial
of or relating to the cranium which encloses the brain
crawl
a slow mode of locomotion on hands and knees or dragging the body; a very slow movement
crayon
writing implement consisting of a colored stick of composition wax used for writing and drawing; write, draw, or trace with a crayon
crest
a showy growth of e.g. feathers or skin on the head of a bird or other animal; (heraldry) in medieval times, an emblem used to decorate a helmet
critic
someone who frequently finds fault or makes harsh and unfair judgments; anyone who expresses a reasoned judgment of something
critical
marked by a tendency to find and call attention to errors and flaws; characterized by careful evaluation and judgment
crock
an earthen jar (made of baked clay); nonsense; foolish talk
crossover
the appropriation of a new style (especially in popular music) by combining elements of different genres in order to appeal to a wider audience; a path (often marked) where something (as a street or railroad) can be crossed to get from one side to the other
crowd
a large number of things or people considered together; an informal body of friends
curbstone
a paving stone forming part of a curb
curfew
an order that after a specific time certain activities (as being outside on the streets) are prohibited; a signal (usually a bell) announcing the start of curfew restrictions
curling
of hair having curls; a game played on ice in which heavy stones with handles are slid toward a target
curtail
place restrictions on; terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end or its full extent
curtain
hanging cloth used as a blind (especially for a window); any barrier to communication or vision
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