34 terms

Unit 1--Basic Terms, Operating System and Application Software

STUDY
PLAY
Input
...A collection of raw data from the outside world that is put into the computer
Processing
...Manipulating data; exaples: bold, italicize, underline, enter formulas, edit pictures, etc.
Output
...The results of processed data; examples: a printed paper, a presentation, audio, video, etc.
Storage
...The place where data is held when it is not needed for processing
Boot Process
The sequence of events that occur between the time you turn your computer on and when it becomes ready for use
Hardware
The physical, touchable parts of the computer
Software
...A collection of computer programs that tell the computer how to perform a particular task
Operating System
...The master controller on a computer; it manages the computers memory, processing, software and hardware
Application
...A software designed to help the user perform specific tasks
Peripheral Devices
...Any hardware device connected to the computer that expands the computer's input, output, and storage capabilities
Mouse
Input Device
...
Scanner
Input Device
...
Microphone
Input Device
...
Graphic Tablet
Input Device
...
Monitor
Output Device
...
Plotter
Output Device
...
Inkjet Printer
Output Device
...
Speakers
Output Device
...
Trackball
Input Device
...
Touchpad
Input Device
...
Laser Printer
Output Device
...
Keyboard
Input Device
...
Touch Screen
Both Input and Output Device
...
Digital Camera
Input Device
...
Joystick
Input Device
Web Cam
Input Device
Projector
Output Device
Biometric Device
Input Device
Graphical User Interface
Using a mouse to click on icons, buttons, and menus
Multitasking
The ability to run more than one application at the same time
Mobile App
A simple application that can be downloaded from the Internet cheaply or even free; designed for mobile devices
Icon
An image (graphic) that represents an executable file
Menu
A dropdown list or table that contains exacutable options
WYSIWIG
What you see on the screen is what you get on the printout