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D US History ch 12 Test general facts
Terms in this set (44)
the process of rewarding voters with government jobs
who was president 1817-1825?
Election of 1824
Who was Monroe's secretary of state?
the stolen election
What did Jackson call the election?
private meetings to vote for president
His s.o. state?
National Republicans (Whigs)
What was JQAs party called?
What was Jackson's party?
Who ran the National Bank?
Clay and Webster
Who plotted against Jackson to save the National Bank and destroy his career?
secretary of treasury for AJ 1832
the Tariff of Abominations
what did the south call the Protective Tariff of 1828
Calhoun believed in _________
SC passed the __________, a legislation that made the Protective Tariff illegal within its borders, and threatened to secede from the nation if the federal government interfered
AJ also asked Congress to pass the _________, which would empower him to use the army if any state did not obey the tariff
Cherokees; trail of tears
the ________ refused to move west; were forced to by US gvnt in the _________
the Indian Removal Act
a treaty that forced NAs to move west of the Mississippi
Osceola; Seminole War
In Florida, chief ______ led the Seminoles in resisting the US Army. The ________ resulted
Andrew Jackson's record:
Bank of the US - ?
Nullification Crisis - ?
NAs - ?
Who won the Election of:
the Panic of 1837
huge economic crisis in US
Harrison's VP, who became president during harrison's term
new political strategy
_______ became a big factor in the election of 1824
the deciding judge in the Cherokee v GA case
Canada and countries in Latin America
In the early 1800s, _______ _______ were pushing for
Great Britain; Canada
________ won ______ in the Treaty of Paris, 1763, after the French and
In response to Canadians protesting for self-rule, Britain sent _______
________ led the struggle against Spanish rule in
Venezuela and then became president of the Republic of Great Colombia
________ called for revolution in the town of
Dolores, Mexico. Due to his success in rallying thousands of Mexicans and taking
control of several provinces, he was executed by the Spanish as was his successor,
President Monroe issued a statement in 1823 that became known as the _________
1) The US will not interfere in the affairs of European nations (we'll stay out of
your business...), and
2) European nations must not interfere with newly independent nations in Latin
America (...if you stay out of the western hemisphere!). The Americas are not
available for re-colonizing!
*The British reinforced this foreign policy with its navy (basically as a way to keep
its competitors from gaining any power)
What did the Monroe Doctrine state?
Canadians should have control over local
affairs and Upper and Lower Canada should be unified
The Durham Report suggested that...?
________ allowed Brazil to become independent of Portugal and was named
emperor of the region as result
parties that rose around AJ and JQA:
president of the Bank of the United States
treaty by John Quincy Adams, President Monroe's
Secretary of State. The US gained Florida for $5 million, and it became a state in
1) People of Latin America did not unite into one nation like the US.
2) Geography (namely mountains and large rivers) posed barriers to
communication and unification.
3) The people had no experience with self-rule after 300 years of colonization.
(US citizens had the Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights, the House of
Burgesses, etc). Plus, leaders who seized control after revolts sometimes took
advantage of the anarchy and were greedy.
4) Deep divisions between social classes created more problems with unity.
Liberation of Latin America
-AJ invaded Florida to recapture US slaves, technically an act of war
-The Spanish could not afford to fight back because they were so preoccupied with
revolutions throughout Latin America
-negotiated by John Quincy Adams, President Monroe's
Secretary of State.
-The US gained Florida for $5 million, and it became a state in 1845.
KC: Adams- Onis Treaty
-JQ, the incumbent, vs AJ
-JQ had not been popular during his term because he had tried to build universities and laboratories to promote the arts and sciences, things the American people had not wanted their money to be spent on
-Jackson had the support of the
"common people" who felt cheated of the 1824 election. Jackson won easily with the support of farmers in the south and west and factory workers in the east
KC: Election of 1828
-Martin Van Buren was the exception in AJ's Cabinet; he was the Secretary of State and was qualified, later becoming Jackson's VP after Calhoun resigned
KC: Martin van Buren
-Georgia claimed the right to make laws for the Cherokee
Nation, most of whom lived within the state borders. The Cherokees fought the law in court, citing US treaties that protected NA rights
-though the supreme court ruled in favor of the Cherokees, Jackson decided not to enforce the law, overstepping the power of the Executive Branch
-Jackson supporters in Congress pushed the Indian Removal Act, a law that required NAs to sign treaties agreeing to move west of the Mississippi
-the Cherokees refused to leave, and were forced at gunpoint to move in an event called the trail of tears; one quarter of the Cherokee population died
KC: Indian Removal Act
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