Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

in swedish massage most movements are directed____to the heart


massage strokes are directed toward the heart to affect the flow or ____ and____

venous blood/ lympth flow

applied in the direction of the venous and lymphatic flow


lifts, squeezes and presses the tissues


used to distribute any lubricant and to prepare the area for other techniques


manipulating one layer of tissue over or against another


raising tissues from their ordinary position and then squeezing, rolling or pinching with firm pressure


used to assist a client to restore mobility or increase flexibility in a joint

joint movement

moving the hand over some portion of the clients body with varying amounts of pressure


the stationary contact of the therapists hand and the clients body


moving a body part through a range of motion

joint movement

moving more superficial layers of flesh against the deeper tissues


rapid striking motion against the surface of the clients body


placing of the practitioners hand or fingers on the client without movement in any direction


generally the first and last contact the therapist has with the client


manipulation of the articulations of the client

joint movement

client has moderately high blood pressure

superficial gliding

client is nervous and irritated

superficial touch

client is in pain from severe arthritis

superficial touch

client is healthy and has thick heavy musculature

deep gliding

client has trigger points in the neck and shoulders

deep touch

client is critically ill with lymphoma

superficial touch

client has stress points in the tendons around the elbow and knee

deep touch

client complains of insomnia

superficial gliding

this is the main technique used in foot reflexology

deep touch

this technique is used when applying oil to the body

superficial touch

client requests a deep relaxing massage

deep gliding

this is the main technique used in shiatsu

deep touch

client is generally tired

superficial gliding

client is visibly nervous and tense

superficial touch

rhythmic pumping action directed into the muscle perpendicular to the body part


a stroke with enough pressure to have a mechanical effect

deep gliding

applied in a transverse direction across the muscle, tendon or ligament fibers

cross fiber friction

the natural weight of the therapists fingers, fingers or hand held on a given area of the clients body

superficial touch

quick striking manipulations with the ulnar border of the hand


help from the therapist as the client moves a limb

active, assistive joint movements

moving the skin in a circular pattern over the deeper tissues

circular friction

a continous shaking or trembling movement transmitted from the therapists hand or an electrical appliance


very light fingertip pressure with long flowing strokes

feather stroking

moving more superficial layers of flesh against deeper tissues


applying pressure with no other movement

deep touch

picking the skin and subcutaneous tissue up between thumbs and fingers and rolling it

skin rolling

moving in a flexible firm hand lightly over an extended area of the body

superficial gliding

raising the skin and muscular tissues from their ordinary position and squeezing with a firm pressure usually in a circular direction


quick striking manipulations with the tips of the fingers


moving a clients joint while his muscles are relaxed

passive joint movement

the therapist resistance of a clients movement

active, resistive joint movements

hands gliding over a body part without touching

aura stroking

most current massage styles are based on

swedish movements

when a therapist recognizes the purposes and effects of movements and adapts the treatment to the client the massage practice has become


a massage therapists main mode of communication

is touch

a massage movement directed away from the heart


heat makes the connective tissues around muscles

more pliable

a technique that causes an increase in the amount of blood in an area or hyperemia is


kneading helps to reduce


effleurage over small areas such as the face is usually performed with


a mechanical vibrator that has a back and forth movement is called


a mechanical vibrator that has a circular movement is called


are done centrifugally with only the fingertips

feather strokes

the primary indication of tension or dysfunction in muscle or soft tissue is

pain, fibrous bands of tissue, trigger points

the movement of a joint from one extreme of the articulation to the other is

range of motion

the practice of sliding the hand smoothly over some portion of the clients body with varying amounts of pressure


requires very light pressure of the fingertips or hands with long flowing strokes

feather stroking

a kneading technique in which the therapist attempts to grasp the tissue and gently lift and spread it out as if to make more space between the layers of tissue or muscle fibers


a variation of kneading in which only the skin and subcutaneous tissue are picked up between the thumbs and fingers and rolled

skin rolling

a rapid back and forth movement with the hands in which the flesh is shaken and rolled around the axis or the imaginary centerline of the body part


a back and forth movement in which both hands are placed a short distance apart on either side of the limb and work is opposing directions


involves the flesh being grasped firmly in one or both hands and moved up and down along the bone


allows the release of tension by gently shaking a relaxed body part so that the flesh flops around the bone


involves grasping the entire muscle lifting it slightly away from its position and shaking it quicky across its axis


a push and release movement applied to the clients body in either a side to side or an up and down direction


movements include tapping, slapping, hacking, cupping and beating


the lightest most superficial of the percussion techniques


uses a rhythemic glancing contact with the body


a technique used by respiratory therapists to help break up lung congestion


a rapid striking movement that can be done with one or both hands


the heaviest and deepest form of percussion and is done over the denser muscular areas of the body


stretch the fibrous tissue and move the joint through its range of motion

passive joint movements

are movements in which the client actively participates by contracting the muscles involved in the movement

active joint movement

the client moves the limb or the joint without any intervention from the therapist to assess any limitation in the joint movement

active range of motion

the change in the quality of the feeling as the end of a movement is achieved

end feel

its a bone against bone feeling

hard end feel

a cushioned limitation in which soft tissue prevents further movement such as knee flexion

soft end feel

an abrupt restriction to a joint movement caused by pain

empty end feel

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording