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84 terms

massage movements

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in swedish massage most movements are directed____to the heart
toward(centipetal)
massage strokes are directed toward the heart to affect the flow or ____ and____
venous blood/ lympth flow
applied in the direction of the venous and lymphatic flow
effleurage
lifts, squeezes and presses the tissues
kneading
used to distribute any lubricant and to prepare the area for other techniques
effleurage
manipulating one layer of tissue over or against another
friction
raising tissues from their ordinary position and then squeezing, rolling or pinching with firm pressure
kneading
used to assist a client to restore mobility or increase flexibility in a joint
joint movement
moving the hand over some portion of the clients body with varying amounts of pressure
gliding
the stationary contact of the therapists hand and the clients body
touch
moving a body part through a range of motion
joint movement
moving more superficial layers of flesh against the deeper tissues
friction
rapid striking motion against the surface of the clients body
percussion
placing of the practitioners hand or fingers on the client without movement in any direction
touch
generally the first and last contact the therapist has with the client
touch
manipulation of the articulations of the client
joint movement
client has moderately high blood pressure
superficial gliding
client is nervous and irritated
superficial touch
client is in pain from severe arthritis
superficial touch
client is healthy and has thick heavy musculature
deep gliding
client has trigger points in the neck and shoulders
deep touch
client is critically ill with lymphoma
superficial touch
client has stress points in the tendons around the elbow and knee
deep touch
client complains of insomnia
superficial gliding
this is the main technique used in foot reflexology
deep touch
this technique is used when applying oil to the body
superficial touch
client requests a deep relaxing massage
deep gliding
this is the main technique used in shiatsu
deep touch
client is generally tired
superficial gliding
client is visibly nervous and tense
superficial touch
rhythmic pumping action directed into the muscle perpendicular to the body part
compression
a stroke with enough pressure to have a mechanical effect
deep gliding
applied in a transverse direction across the muscle, tendon or ligament fibers
cross fiber friction
the natural weight of the therapists fingers, fingers or hand held on a given area of the clients body
superficial touch
quick striking manipulations with the ulnar border of the hand
hacking
help from the therapist as the client moves a limb
active, assistive joint movements
moving the skin in a circular pattern over the deeper tissues
circular friction
a continous shaking or trembling movement transmitted from the therapists hand or an electrical appliance
vibration
very light fingertip pressure with long flowing strokes
feather stroking
moving more superficial layers of flesh against deeper tissues
friction
applying pressure with no other movement
deep touch
picking the skin and subcutaneous tissue up between thumbs and fingers and rolling it
skin rolling
moving in a flexible firm hand lightly over an extended area of the body
superficial gliding
raising the skin and muscular tissues from their ordinary position and squeezing with a firm pressure usually in a circular direction
kneading
quick striking manipulations with the tips of the fingers
tapping
moving a clients joint while his muscles are relaxed
passive joint movement
the therapist resistance of a clients movement
active, resistive joint movements
hands gliding over a body part without touching
aura stroking
most current massage styles are based on
swedish movements
when a therapist recognizes the purposes and effects of movements and adapts the treatment to the client the massage practice has become
therapeutic
a massage therapists main mode of communication
is touch
a massage movement directed away from the heart
centrifugal
heat makes the connective tissues around muscles
more pliable
a technique that causes an increase in the amount of blood in an area or hyperemia is
compression
kneading helps to reduce
adhesions
effleurage over small areas such as the face is usually performed with
fingers
a mechanical vibrator that has a back and forth movement is called
oscillating
a mechanical vibrator that has a circular movement is called
orbital
are done centrifugally with only the fingertips
feather strokes
the primary indication of tension or dysfunction in muscle or soft tissue is
pain, fibrous bands of tissue, trigger points
the movement of a joint from one extreme of the articulation to the other is
range of motion
the practice of sliding the hand smoothly over some portion of the clients body with varying amounts of pressure
gliding
requires very light pressure of the fingertips or hands with long flowing strokes
feather stroking
a kneading technique in which the therapist attempts to grasp the tissue and gently lift and spread it out as if to make more space between the layers of tissue or muscle fibers
fulling
a variation of kneading in which only the skin and subcutaneous tissue are picked up between the thumbs and fingers and rolled
skin rolling
a rapid back and forth movement with the hands in which the flesh is shaken and rolled around the axis or the imaginary centerline of the body part
rolling
a back and forth movement in which both hands are placed a short distance apart on either side of the limb and work is opposing directions
wringing
involves the flesh being grasped firmly in one or both hands and moved up and down along the bone
chucking
allows the release of tension by gently shaking a relaxed body part so that the flesh flops around the bone
shaking
involves grasping the entire muscle lifting it slightly away from its position and shaking it quicky across its axis
jostling
a push and release movement applied to the clients body in either a side to side or an up and down direction
rocking
movements include tapping, slapping, hacking, cupping and beating
tappotement
the lightest most superficial of the percussion techniques
tapping
uses a rhythemic glancing contact with the body
slapping
a technique used by respiratory therapists to help break up lung congestion
cupping
a rapid striking movement that can be done with one or both hands
hacking
the heaviest and deepest form of percussion and is done over the denser muscular areas of the body
beating
stretch the fibrous tissue and move the joint through its range of motion
passive joint movements
are movements in which the client actively participates by contracting the muscles involved in the movement
active joint movement
the client moves the limb or the joint without any intervention from the therapist to assess any limitation in the joint movement
active range of motion
the change in the quality of the feeling as the end of a movement is achieved
end feel
its a bone against bone feeling
hard end feel
a cushioned limitation in which soft tissue prevents further movement such as knee flexion
soft end feel
an abrupt restriction to a joint movement caused by pain
empty end feel