a play that ends unhappily
important central idea in the play
reasons for characters' beliefs and actions
the hero or leading character with whom the audience sympathizes
the character who opposes or competes with the protagonist
a contrast between what is and what appears to be
when the audience knows what the characters do not
a speech given by a character alone on stage. Its purpose is to let the audience know what the character is feeling and/or thinking
a humorous scene, incident, or speech that relieves the overall emotional intensity
a character whose personality or attitudes are in sharp contrast to those of another character in the same work
a character's remark, either to the audience or to another character, that others on stage are not supposed to hear
a joke that comes from a play on words
The main character in a story who makes a mistake that leads to his/her downfall
a word or phrase that contradicts itself
When an event occurs that contradicts the idea the character had
When there is a misunderstanding in what a character says or does
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