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gait pattern in which the weight is quickly removed from the extremity due to pain i.e. jumping up and down on one foot after a sprained ankle
a complicated soft tissue structure that envelopes a joint, providing stability and separating it from surrounding structures; includes ligaments and tendinous expansions
the site of attachment of ligament or tendon to a bone. The root word used in the description of terms comely used in the discussion of inflammatory arthritis. The primary pathologic site in the spondyloarthopathies (enthesitis, enthesopathy, or enthesophyte). Enthesitis may lead to erosion or the formation of reactive new bone.
extravasation of blood into a joint cavity, usually caused by a ligament injury or fracture
a band of capsular fibrous tissue that connects bones (joints), providing support and strength
a slot or groove into which some other part fits to join securely (ankle mortise: the relationship of the talus to the malleoli)
a general term used to describe pain in the thigh caused by spinal compression of one of the sciatic nerve roots
movement away from the middles line (in the hand, the long finger is the middle line)
to rotate the forearm in such a way that the palm looks backward when the arm is in the anatomic position)
to rotate the forearm in such a way that the palm looks forward when the arm is in the anatomic position
"chip;" small fracture near a join that usually has a ligament or tendon attached
clinical condition that suggests a fracture; roentorgrams 2-3 weeks later may show the fracture line or new bone formation
"compound;" fracture in which there is an open wound of the son and soft parts that lead into the fracture
fracture that occurs when weak bone is stressed normally = insufficiency stress fracture
fracture that occurs when normal bone is stressed excessively = fatigue stress fracture.
usually only seen in weight-bearing bones
buckle fracture caused by compression of the cortex; most common in the distal portion of the radius of a child
dislocation that occurs in conjunction with a fracture of a joint. If incomplete, it is called a fracture-subluxation
Here's a practical note..
Fractures do not dislocate, they DISPLACE. They are thus described according to the type, place in the bone, the amount of displacement, and angulation. Rotation (torsion) is often difficult to assess roentgenographically but relatively easy to assess clinically. Rotation is usually described in reference to the DISTAL fragment, as is angulation.
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