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25 terms

Oncology

STUDY
PLAY
The study of tumors and cancer.
Oncology
________is caused by abnormal cell growth that may be stimulated by various factors such as radiation, sunlight, etc.
Cancer
Cancer can be categorized into ________and__________.
hematologic
non-hematologic
Process by which normal cells are turned into cancer cells.
Carcinogenesis
Modified genes.
Oncogenes
Substance that has a direct involvement in the promotion of cancer.
Carcinogen
___________are certain chemicals that can permanently change DNA, increasing the risk of developing cancer.
Environmental carcinogens
Certain medications, insecticides, industrial dyes,and benzene that cause cancer.
Chemical carcinogens
__________include ionizing radiation and ultraviolet light.
Physical carcinogens
Viruses are?
Biological carcinogens
Tumor cells that originates from epithelial tissues.
carcinomas
Tumor cells that originate from connective tissue, such as bone or muscle.
sarcomas
Tumor cells that originate from lymphoid tissues.
Lymphomas
Tumor cells that originate from melanocytes.
Melanomas
Common cell types and are often associated with the diseases like lung and prostate cancers.
Adenocarcinoma
Tumor cell that originates from a specific conncetive tissue type, namely bone.
Osteosarcoma
A mass or swelling produced by abnormal cell growth and division.
Tumor
Another name for a tumor is?
neoplasm
Tumor that usually remain within the epithelium or a conective tissue capsule.
Benign tumor
Tumor that does not remain contained within the epithelium or connective tissue capsule.
Malignant tumor
Cancer that is characterized by an increase in the number of immature white blood cels called blasts.
Leukemia
Cancer that arises from the lymphoid tissues.
Lymphoma
Cancer that arises from a part of the immune system called the plasma cell.
Multiple Myeloma
Very deadly skin cancer that arises from melanocytes in the skin.
Malignant Melanoma
Usually an adenocarcinoma and forms in the tissues of the prostate.
Prostate cancer