stones (or urolithiasis) in the urinary tract that are often caused by dehydration, excessive calcium/protein, gout, hyperparathyroidism, genetics and immobility and they may obstruct urine flow.
in the kidney/pelvis: it may be asymptomatic, or a dull aching flank pain
in the ureters: acute severe flank pain, may radiate, nausea/vomiting, pallor, hematuria
in the bladder: may be asymptomatic or dull suprapubic pain, hematuria
tests: U/A, KUB x-ray, IVP, renal ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, cystoscopy
treats with medications, dietary management, or surgery. different types of surgeries include lithotropsy, ESWL, cystoscopy, nephrolithotomy, nephrectomy