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43 terms

Health

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Noncommunicable Diseases
are diseases that cannot be spread from person to person
Chronic diseases
are diseases that are present either continuously or off and on over a long time
Allergy
is a extreme sensitivity to a substance
Allergens
are substances that cause the allergic responses
Pollen
is a powdery substance released by the flowers of some plants
Histamines
are the chemicals that the immune cells relase to dra more blood and lymph to the erea affected by the allergen
Antihistamines
are medicines that reduce the production of histamines
Asthma
is a chronic respiratory disease in which the air passageways become narrow or blocked, making breathing difficult
Bronchodilators
are relievers that relax muscles around the air passages
Arteriosclerosis
group of disorders that cause a thickening and hardening of the arteries
Atherosclerosis
is a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty substances build up on the inner lining of the arteries
Heart Attack
occurs when the blood supply to the heart slows or stops and the heart muscle is damged
Hypertension
is a disease in which the pressure of the blood on the walls of the blood vessels stays at a level that is higher than normal
Stroke
is a serious condition that occurs when an artery of the brain breaks or becomes blocked
Cancer
is a disease that occurs when occurs when abnormal cells multiply out of control
Tumor
is a group of abnormal cells that for a mass
Benign Tumors
are not cancerous tumors
Malignant Tumors
are Tumors that are cancerous
Risk Factors
are characteristics or behaviors that increase the likelihood of developing a medical disorder or disease
Carcinogen
is a substance that can cause cancer
Biopsy
is the removal of a sample of tissue from a person for examination
Radiation Therapy
uses X rays or other forms of radiation to kill caner cells
Chemotherapy
is the use of powerful medicines to destroy cancer cells
Diabetes
is a disease that prevents the body from converting food into energy
Insulin
is a protein made in the pancreas the regulates the level of glucose in the blood
Arthritis
is a disease of the joints marked by painful swelling and stiffness
Osteoarthritis
is a chronic disease that is common in older adults and results from a breakdown in cartilage in the joints
Rheumatoid Arthritis
is a chronic disease characterized by pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness of the joints
Skin Cancer
is the most common kind of cancer usually caused by exposure to sunlight
Breast Cancer
Most often diagnosed in women over age of 50 but can strike younger women as well as men
Reproductive Organ Cancers
are cancers that effect the testicles and prostate gland in men and the ovaries cervix and uterus in women
Lung Cancer
is closely tied to smoking causes more cancer deaths in the united states that any other type of cancer
Colon and Rectal Cancers
affects the large intestine and rectum better screening test and early detection have reduced the number of cases of these kinds of cancer
Leukemia
causes cancerous white blood cells to multiply these abnormal white blood cells interfere with the immune response of healthy white blood cells
Lymphoma
is cancer of the tissues in the lymph system can weaken the immune system leaving the body unable to fight infections
Pacemakers and Implantable Defibrillators
are electronic devices placed inside the chest.
Angioplasty
is a surgical procedure in which an instrument with a tiny balloon, drill bit, or laser attached is inserted into a blocked artery to clear a blockage.
Symptoms
are outward signs of a disease or reaction
Muscle
an organ that can relax, contract, and provide the force to move your body parts
Blood Pressure
is the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels
Arteries
are blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the tissues
Radiation
energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles to help kill cancer cells
Diet
is the planed amout of calories equal to the calorie needs to maintain ideal weight