The Cold War- Chapter 19 and 20 Study Guide for test on 3-18-16
Terms in this set (24)
The map shows which countries received aid under the Marshall Plan. Which statement best explains the pattern shown on the map?
The Soviet Union prevented the nations of Eastern Europe from accepting economic aid from the United States
Which factor had the greatest impact on the trend shown in the graph?
passage of the G. I. bill
What was the main result of the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion?
It increased tensions between the United States and Cuba.
Which principle was used most often to justify U.S. support for South Vietnam during the Cold War?
Which attitude was not associated with the counterculture of the 1960s?
support for foreign military involvements
Many television sitcoms in the 1950s focused on white, middle class, nuclear families leading relatively trouble-free lives. What was not an effect these shows had on American Society?
The settings inspired Americans to pursue social and political reform.
In 1947, President Harry Truman issued an executive order creating the Federal Employee Loyalty Program. What was the purpose of this program?
to eliminate communist influence in the federal government.
America's involvement in the Vietnam War, in which nearly 60,000 American Soldiers lost their lives, had its origins in an anticommunist American policy known as
The so-called Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union took on renewed urgency in 1957 when
the Soviet Union launched an artificial satellite named sputnik.
Beginning in 1947, many Hollywood actors, writers, and directors were blacklisted because
they were suspected of being communists
McCarthyism had a polarizing effect in the United States because it
created a climate of suspicion and mistrust
in 1962, the United States learned that the Soviet Union was installing nuclear missiles in Cuba. The soviets took this provocative action most likely because
they hoped to deter the United States from attempting a second invasion of Cuba
How did the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (commonly known as the G.I. Bill) impact the United States?
College graduation rates increase dramatically
How did the number of Americans living below the official poverty line change after President Lyndon B. Johnson launched the "War on Poverty" in 1964?
it decreased to historic lows.
Which social problem did President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society programs attempt to address most directly?
How did the U.S. foreign policy of containment following World War II eventually lead to the United States involvement in the Vietnam conflict?
The United States assisted in fighting the expansion of a Soviet-backed government.
How did the Berlin Airlift (1948-49) exemplify the U.S. foreign policy goal of containment?
The United States prevented the Soviets from taking control of the entire city.
President Truman's intention for this document was to promote the equal treatment of
African American Soldiers
In the United States after World War II, McCarthyism and the Cold War contributed to rising public fear of
President Truman's Fair Deal programs focused on helping the country make the transition from a
wartime economy to a peacetime economy
When the Soviet Union blocked supplies from entering Berlin by land, President Harry Truman was determined to contain communism by airlifting supplies into the city. The success of the Berlin Airlift contributed to the formation of the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Congress passed the Taft-Harley Act in 1947 to limit the power of
U.S. involvement in the Korean War helped the United States fulfill its foreign policy goals in Asia by
supporting the U.S. policy of containing communism
In the United States, rising tensions during the Cold War was most directly stimulated the
development of a space race program