Terms in this set (44)
body of land surrounded on three sides by water.
body of water to the east of Greece off the Mediterranean Sea.
a settlement under the control of a distant country.
mountain range running through the center of Greece.
body of water to the west of Greece off the Mediterranean Sea.
sacred mountain in northeastern Greece; where the gods live.
government ruled by one person.
member of the most powerful class.
government where ruling power is in the hands of a few people.
government in which absolute ruling power is held by one person who is not a lawful king.
government where power is held by the people; voting.
person who has certain rights or duties in a nation.
group of citizens in Athens with the power to pass laws.
city-state of Ancient Greece, first to have a democracy.
city-state of Ancient Greece, military oligarchy.
peninsula forming the southern part of mainland Greece.
Council of 500
group of 500 elected men to run the day to day business of Athens.
marketplace of Athens.
Council of Elders
small group of Spartans who make all governing decisions.
empire in the 400s BCE ruling parts of Africa, the Middle East, and Asia.
great Persian king who ruled 522 - 486 BCE.
490 - 479 BCE; Greek allies vs. Persia including battles of Marathon, Thermopylae, Salmis, and Plataea.
soldiers who ride on horses.
son of Darius, ruler of Persia 486 - 465 BCE, defeated by the Greeks.
long, narrow body of water between Europe and modern-day Turkey; currently know as the Dardenelles.
great leader of Athens who developed culture, democracy, and military power during the Golden Age.
temple built on the Acropolis in Athens honoring Athena.
hill above a Greek city where temples are built.
art of writing, acting in, and producing plays.
great Greek philosopher who taught his students through questioning.
athletic events part of the Panathenaea Festival honoring Athena.
a traditional story that helps explain a culture's beliefs.
431 -404 BCE; war fought between Athens and Sparta involving most Greek city-states.
kingdom to the north of Greece.
Greek philosopher/author and tutor of Alexander the Great.
Alexander the Great
ruler of a vast empire from Macedonia to India, 300s BCE.
practice that is common to a particular group or region.
branch of math involving points, lines, planes, figures.
wrote the first geometry text book.
geometry - created the triangle theory, Pythagorean Theorem.
female Greek mathematician who taught in Egypt.
famous geographer, created latitude and longitude.
study of living things.
father of modern medicine, disease has natural causes.
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