The French Revolution: Key Terms (ch. 21:1-3)
Terms in this set (31)
Urban Middle Class on top of the Third Estate, which included merchants, manufacturers and professional people such as doctors and lawyers.
*97% of the population
*Consisted of the Bourgeoisie, peasants and poor workers
*The class consisting of the Nobility
*2% of the population in France
*The class made up of the clergy
*1% of the population, but owned 15% of the land in France
The time before the French Revolution
Payment to the church: one-tenth of one's income
King during the time of the French Revolution
daughter of Austrian Empress; becomes queen of France
Luxurious palace of the King of France
Tennis Court Oath
*Pledge among the Third Estate to continue meeting until they have written a new constitution
*Official start of the French Revolution
Representative government body in France consisting of the three estates
social classes in France
The revolutionary government of the Third Estate whose purpose was to write a constitution for a new government.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Provided basic human rights and political powers to all men (women were excluded); Similar to the U.S. Bill of Rights
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
Slogan of the French Revolution
Nobles who fled France for other countries and plotted to overthrow the Revolution
83 districts of France established by the National Assembly
Civil Constitution of the Clergy
Law that put the Catholic Church under the control of the French Government
The Constitution of 1791
*Divided government into three branches
*National Assembly was replaced by the Legislative Assembly
*Formed a Constitutional Monarachy
A government in which the King's powers are greatly limited by a Constitution.
The government formed by the Constitution of 1791
*The group in the legislative assembly who felt the Revolution has gone far enough.
*Preferred a constitutional Monarchy
*The group in the Legislative Assembly who wanted more drastic changes, such as getting rid of the king and setting up a Republic
The group in the Legislative Assembly who had no extreme views. The sided with either conservatives or radicals depending on the issue at hand.
Austria and Prussia
Two countries who invaded France with the hope of restoring the monarchy
*The government that replaces the Legislative Assembly
*Based on a new constitution to replace the monarchy and establish a republic in its' place.
Reign of Terror
The period of time between 1793 to July 1794 in which the National Convention worked to suppress all opposition and revolts within France
The Committee of Public Safety
Purpose was to direct the army against foreign invasion and to try "enemies of the Revolution" through a court called the Revolutionary Tribunal.
Those who fought against the Revolution
*Leader of the radicals and the National Convention
*Responsible for the Reign of Terror
*Later beheaded for his tyranny
Great General who seizes power as dictator of France; official end of the French Revolution