History Test Chapter 14
Terms in this set (50)
According to the textbook, what was the central issue that sparked the Civil War?
What was one of the South's primary advantages at the outset of the Civil War?
What was the South's basic strategy for victory during the Civil War?
outlast the North's will to fight
Where did most of the fighting occur in the East?
What general played a critical support role in all the following Confederate victories: First Manassas, Seven Days' Battles, Second Manassas, and Chancellorsville?
What event made the North realize that the Civil War would not be quickly over?
First Battle of Manassas
The significance of the clash between the Monitor and the Merrimac was that the?
age of wooden ships began to come to a close.
Which of the following statements about the peninsular campaign is false?
The Army of the Potomac kept advancing despite its losses.
What was the most significant outcome of Joseph E. Johnston's attack at Fair Oaks outside Richmond?
Robert E. Lee was promoted to command the army
Which of the following battles was the first clear-cut defeat of the Army of Northern Virginia?
Battle of Gettysburg
Why did the North attempt to capture the Mississippi River?
The Mississippi divided the Confederacy in two.
Which of the following generals once left the army because of alleged drunkenness?
Ulysses S. Grant
During what daring campaign did Grant cut his army off from his supply bases to surprise his enemy?
What caused a major riot in New York in 1863?
A border state was a?
slave state that did not secede
What were Copperheads?
Southern sympathizers in the North
What event almost brought Britain into the war?
What was Grant's greatest defeat?
Battle of Cold Harbor
Why did Grant continue to fight after suffering so many losses in the Easter campaigns of 1864-65?
He knew he could replace his losses, but the South could not.
The capture of what city insured Lincoln's reelection in 1864?
What famous speech did Lincoln give to dedicate a war ceremony for one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War?
What is the name of for the Southern merchant ships that brought supplies to Southern ports in spite of the blockade?
What is the name for the compulsory enrollment into military service?
What state was constitutionally admitted into the Union during the Civil War?
True/False- The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest day of the Civil War.
True/False- Pickett's Charge was a last-ditch effort by Confederates to win at Gettysburg.
True/False- The Confederates won most of the major battles in the West.
True/False- the loss of farm hands during the Civil War devastated agriculture in the North.
True/False- during the war, Lincoln sometimes acted beyond his constitutional powers.
True/False- Sherman estimated that his army destroyed less than one million dollars worth of southern property during the march on Savannah.
True/False- The Civil War was the bloodiest war in American History.
True/False- the south suffered more casualties than the north during the Civil War.
effort to blockade the South and capture the Mississippi River
the North's main army in the East
Army of the Potomac
Southern ironclad that threatened to break the blockade
Northern ironclad with a revolving gun turret
early, unsuccessful attempt to capture the Southern capital
diversion of two Union armies with a small Confederate force
the South's main army in the east
Army of Northern Virginia
continual fighting in the woods north of Richmond
Sherman's destruction of Georgia
March to the Sea
first major land battle of the Civil War
First Battle of Manassas
the South's successful defense of its capital
Seven Days Battles
resulted in the Emancipation Proclamation
Battle of Antietam
end of the South's offensive capabilities
Battle of Gettysburg
opened Tennessee to invasion
Forts Henry and Donelson
Grant's army caught "napping"
Battle of Shiloh
loss of "the nailhead" that held the South together
siege of Vicksburg
effort to capture the rail center feeding Richmond
siege of Petersburg
surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia
Appomattox Court House
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