41 terms

USI.6 American Revolution

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results of Great Britain's expanded control over the colonies
colonists became dissatisfied and rebellious
Great Britain controlled the colonies because they desired -
- to remain a world power
The French and Indian War
Great Britain's conflict with the French as a result of Britain's desire to remain a world power
reason for taxes, such as the Stamp Act
- to raise necessary revenue to pay for the French and Indian War
- to finance the maintenance of British troops in the colonies
sources of colonial dissatisfaction
- no represenation in Parliament
- resentment of colonial governors
- Great Britain wanted strict control over colonial legislatures
- opposition to British taxes
- the Proclamation of 1763
Parliament
the lawmaking body of British government
Proclamation of 1763
issued after the French and Indian War, it restricted the westward movement of settlers
Declaration of Independence
- proclaimed independence from Great Britain
- stated that people have inherent rights
inherent
firmly established by nature
the basis of key philosophies in the Declaration of Independence
ideas first expressed by European philosophers
unalienable rights
rights that cannot be taken away
the 3 unalienable rights in the Declaration of Independence
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
the reason for the establishment of government according to the Declaration of Independence
to protect people's unalienable rights
source of government power according to the Declaration of Independence
the people
derive
come from
According to the Declaration of Independence, people have a right and a duty to -
- change a government that violates their rights
King George III
British king during the Revolutionary era
Lord Cornwallis
British general who surrendered at Yorktown
John Adams
championed the cause of independence
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army
Thomas Jefferson
major author of the Declaration of Independence
Patrick Henry
outspoken member of the House of Burgesses
Patrick Henry's famous speech
"give me liberty or give me death"
House of Burgesses
Elected assembly in colonial Virginia, created in 1618.
Benjamin Franklin
- prominent member of the Continental Congress
- helped frame the Declaration of Independence
- helped gain French support for the American Revolution
Phillis Wheatley
enslaved African American who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence; she eventually gained her freedom
Paul Revere
patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists of British arrival
Boston Massacre
colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British soldiers
Boston Tea Party
Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led patiots in throwing tea into the Boston Harbor
reason for the Boston Tea Party
to protest tea taxes
leaders of the Boston Tea Party
Samuel Adams and Paul Revere
First Continental Congress
Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Great Britain and promote independence
colony absent from the First Continental Congress
Georgia
Battles at Lexington and Concord
first armed conflicts of the Revolutionary War
approval of the Declaration of Independence
the colonists declared indpendence from Great Britain on July 4, 1776
Battle of Saratoga
this American victory was the turning point in the war
turning point
a moment in history that marks a decisive change
Surrender at Yorktown
the colonial victory over forces of Lord Cornwallis that marked the end of the Revolutionary War
signing of the Treaty of Paris
Great Britain recognized American indpendence in this treaty
colonial advantages in the revolution
- defense of their own land
- strong principles and beliefs
- capable leadership
- additional support from France
nation that aided the colonies in their fight for independence
France

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