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7 terms

Chapter 14

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Karyotype
Set of photographs of chromosomes grouped in order in pairs
Sex chromosome
One of two chromosomes that determine an individual's sex; females have two X chromosomes; males have one X and one Y.
Autosome
Autosomal chromosome; chromosome that is not a sex chromosomes
Pedigree
Chart that shows the relationships within a family
Sex-linked gene
Gene located on the X or Y chromosome
Nondisjunction
Error in meiosis in which homologous chromosomes fail to seperate
DNA fingerprinting
Analysis of sections of DNA that have little or no known function, but vary widely from one individual to another, in order to identify individuals.