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What is the function of the articles, or the main body, of the Constitution?

to define responsibilities of citizenship

Why did the framers of the Constitution develop a structure of government with three branches?

keep leaders from gaining too much power

How does the system of checks and balances protect people's rights?

"checks" or limits the power of others

Define popular sovereignty

right of the people to alter their government

What are the seven basic principles of the Constitution?

popular sovereignty, separation of powers, federalism, individual rights, limited government, checks and balances, republicanism

What is the most important power of Congress?

make the nation's laws

Who are the only elected officials chosen by all American voters?

President and Vice President

Define Electoral College

complex system of choosing the United States President

Define override

to check the power of the presidential veto

Define impeach

to bring charges of serious wrongdoing by an elected official

What is the main role of the President of the United States?

To carry out the nation's laws

Who can propose constitutional amendments?

Congress or National Convention

What fraction of all state legislatures had to ratify the Bill of Rights before it became law?

three fourths

Define incriminate

to give evidence against others or oneself

What part of the Constitution abolished slavery?

Thirteenth amendment

How did the 26th amendment change the legal age for voting?

lowered the age from 21 to 18

Define constitutional initiative

process by which citizens act directly to cause change

Who has the main responsibility for public education in the United States?

state government

Who grants licenses to doctors, lawyers, and teachers?

state government

What powers and functions do local governments have?

those that state government gives

Who is most responsible for providing police and fire protection?

local government

Define naturalize

to complete the process for citizenship

Define civic virtue

willingness to sacrifice for the common good

What do we call things like patriotism, respect, and responsibility?

democratic values

Obeying the law, serving on a jury, and being informed are types of what?

civic responsibility

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