the study of natural features of the Earth's surface, including -landforms, -climate, -plants, -animals
an area that shares physical or human characteristics
Example: Southeastern U.S. Coastal Plain
makes it easier to find places using coordinates
Global Positioning System (GPS)
A system of satellites, computers, and receivers that is able to determine the latitude and longitude of a receiver on Earth by calculating the time difference for signals from different satellites to reach the receiver.
a person who makes maps
shows the location of physical features such as mountains, deserts, rivers, plains, plateaus, etc...
a map that show information such as countries, states, capitals, and cities
a book of maps or some type of information that includes pictures and/or tables and charts
the precise point where a place is located on Earth
where a place is located in relation to another place
(example: The Woodlands is North of Houston and south of Conroe).
represents N and S; horizontal lines on a map or globe, also called parallels
imaginary line at zero degrees latitude, divides the earth in half (equal distance from the North and South Poles) creating the Northern and Southern hemispheres
Tropic of Cancer
The parallel of latitude 23°27'39"; north of the equator, the most northerly latitude at which the sun can shine directly overhead.
Tropic of Capricorn
The parallel of latitude 23°27'39"; south of the equator, the most southerly latitude at which the sun can shine directly overhead.
represents E and W; vertical lines on a map or globe, also called meridians
imaginary line at zero degrees longitude, divides the earth in half creating the Eastern and Western hemispheres
International Date Line
Opposite side of Prime Meridian, approximately along the 180th meridian, regions to the east are one calendar day earlier than those to the west
North, South, East, and West
Northwest, Northeast, Southwest, Southeast
a symbol on a map that shows directions
Explains symbols, colors, patterns, etc... used to share information on a map
a ratio which compares a measurement on a map to the actual distance between locations identified on the map
a change in the accuracy of the land or distance on a map
a picture that represents something
the arrangement of people and housing in an area and across the earth
Usually influenced by the landscape and access to water, food, shelter, natural resources, etc...
how the earth is divided in half
-Northern and Southern -Eastern and Western
Formal region that shares a government and has the same leaders or similar political beliefs