30 terms

Unit 1 Geography Terms

Conroe ISD - 6th Grade - Unit 1
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geography
the study of Earth
physical geography
the study of natural features of the Earth's surface, including
-landforms,
-climate,
-plants,
-animals
region
an area that shares physical or human characteristics

Example: Southeastern U.S. Coastal Plain
grid system
makes it easier to find places using coordinates
Global Positioning System (GPS)
A system of satellites, computers, and receivers that is able to determine the latitude and longitude of a receiver on Earth by calculating the time difference for signals from different satellites to reach the receiver.
cartographer
a person who makes maps
physical map
shows the location of physical features such as mountains, deserts, rivers, plains, plateaus, etc...
political map
a map that show information such as countries, states, capitals, and cities
atlas
a book of maps or some type of information that includes pictures and/or tables and charts
absolute location
the precise point where a place is located on Earth
relative location
where a place is located in relation to another place

(example: The Woodlands is North of Houston and south of Conroe).
latitude
represents N and S; horizontal lines on a map or globe, also called parallels
Equator
imaginary line at zero degrees latitude, divides the earth in half (equal distance from the North and South Poles) creating the Northern and Southern hemispheres
Tropic of Cancer
The parallel of latitude 23°27'39"; north of the equator, the most northerly latitude at which the sun can shine directly overhead.
Tropic of Capricorn
The parallel of latitude 23°27'39"; south of the equator, the most southerly latitude at which the sun can shine directly overhead.
longitude
represents E and W; vertical lines on a map or globe, also called meridians
Prime Meridian
imaginary line at zero degrees longitude, divides the earth in half creating the Eastern and Western hemispheres
International Date Line
Opposite side of Prime Meridian, approximately along the 180th meridian, regions to the east are one calendar day earlier than those to the west
cardinal directions
North, South, East, and West
intermediate directions
Northwest, Northeast, Southwest, Southeast
compass rose
a symbol on a map that shows directions
legend
Explains symbols, colors, patterns, etc... used to share information on a map
scale
a ratio which compares a measurement on a map to the actual distance between locations identified on the map
map distortion
a change in the accuracy of the land or distance on a map
symbol
a picture that represents something
settlement patterns
the arrangement of people and housing in an area and across the earth

Usually influenced by the landscape and access to water, food, shelter, natural resources, etc...
hemispheres
how the earth is divided in half

-Northern and Southern
-Eastern and Western
political regions
Formal region that shares a government and has the same leaders or similar political beliefs

example: a city, county, state, or country
population regions
urban populations, rural populations, ethnic populations

Use a population distribution map.
economic regions
Based on the way people in an area use resources to meet their needs