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49 terms

Humanities Midterm

STUDY
PLAY
Jared Diamond
professor of biology, bird watcher, and author
Cargo
abundant possessions of white men
Question Jared Diamond seeks to answer
why white men have so much and New Guineans have so little
Sago
important food source for New Guineans, not a good source of protein, great deal of work to produce so little
Wheat
first cultivated in MIddle East, fairly easy to cultivate, can be stored for long periods
Why New Guineans didn't domesticate animals for farming
they didn't have any
Regions 14 major domestic farm animals originate
Middle East
Civilizations that arose in Mesopotamia
Summerians, Asyrians, Babylonians
The Hebrew Bible contains laws which
resemble Hammurabi's Code
In the Book of Job
Job questions God
The Epic of Gilgamesh
world's first epic; precedes Hebrew Bible, details hero's search for eternal life
First man to form a covenant with Yahweh
Abraham
Hammurabi's Code
valuable index to life in Mesopotamia; comprehensive written code; not all criminals punished equally
Ziggurat
symbolized linking between heaven and earth, attended by priests and priestesses, cuneiform tablets
Gods sent the flood to destroy humanity in the Epic of Gilgamesh because
they were too noisy
Egytian social structure
permitted upward movement NOT rigid
Nile River
closely related to the god Osiris, annual inundation promoted ideas about resurrection, flows south to north
Best way to describe Egypt's political order
Theocratic Socialism
Produced no known epic literature
Ancient Egypt
Palette of Narmar
commemorates union of Upper and Lower Egypt, represents Lower Egypt with a severed head and papyrus, features falcon god Horus
Introduced monotheism to Ancient Egypt
Akhenaten
Greatest God of Egyptian Parthenon
Amon or Re
Hatshepsut
female pharoah who ruled for 22 years
Achilles prayed
to see his own men slaughtered
Patroclos was naked
because he was stripped after losing a battle
Priam
50 sons
Jar in Zeus' hall
good things and bad things
Achilles first set of armor
Patroclos was killed in it
Achilles' spear
too big for any other warrior to wield successfully
Earliest Neolithic Chinese people worked to produce
silk
Atman + Brahmin
nirvana
Yin and Yang most closely associated with
Hindu ideas
Classic language of ancient India
sanskrit
China's oldest text
Book of changes
Most powerful personified spirits in ancient Chines world were
ancestors
Famous for bureaucracies and intricate testing systems
Zhou Dynasty
Olmecs named
after a tree
Ancient China did not produce any
epic literature
In India Religion is grounded in
pantheism
"rubber people"
Olmecs
Most ancient urban areas
Peru
Shang Dynasty
"Dragon Throne"
Dialectical Method
A question-and-answer style of inquiry made famous by Socrates
Psyche
that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings
Empirical Method
Gaining knowledge through the observation of events, the collection of data, and logical reasoning
Eudemonia
Greek word for "happiness."`
Sophists
traveling teachers that taught how to win an arguement; didn't believe in gods; refused the idea of an absolute right or wrong
Pre-Socratics
philosophers that preceeded Socrates; culmination was "the four basic elements of universe are fire, air, earth, water
Theory of Forms
A theory that proposes that all sensory objects are imitations of forms, which are perfect, ideal and eternal.