Terms in this set (12)
Ivan III (the Great)
Prince of the Duchy of Moscow; responsible for freeing Russia from the
Mongols; took the title of tsar (caesar)
Ivan IV (the Terrible)
confirmed power of tsarist autocracy by attacking the authority of the boyars; continued policy of expansion; established contacts with western European commerce and culture.
peasant-adventurers with agricultural and military skills, recruited to conquer and settle in newly seized lands in southern Russia and Siberia.
Time of Troubles
early 17th-century period of boyar efforts to regain power and foreign invasion following the death without an heir of Ivan IV; ended with the selection of Michael Romanov as tsar in 1613.
ruled Russia from 1613 to 1917.
Second Romanov ruler; abolished assemblies of nobles; gained new powers
over the Orthodox church.
Conservative Russians who refused to accept the ecclesiastical reforms of Alexis Romanov; many were exiled to southern Russia or Siberia.
Peter I (the Great)
tsar from 1689 to 1725; continued growth of absolutism and conquest; sought to change selected aspects of the economy and culture through imitation of western European models.
Baltic city, made the new capital of Russia by Peter I.
Catherine the Great
German-born Russian tsarina; combined receptivity to selective Enlightenment ideas with strong centralizing policies; converted the nobility to a service aristocracy by granting them new power over the peasantry
Partition of Poland
three separate divisions of Polish territory between Russia, Prussia, and Austria in 1772, 1793, and 1795; eliminated Poland as an independent state.
unsuccessful peasant rising led by cossack Emelyan Pugachev during the 1770s; typical of peasant unrest during the 18th century and thereafter.