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291 terms

7/2012 - lm- Medical term - a short course

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aden/o-
gland
arthr/o-
joint
bi/o-
life
carcin/o-
cancer
cardi/o-
heart
cephal/o-
head
cerebr/o-
cerebrum
crin/o-
secrete
cyst/o-
urinary bladder
cyt/o
cell
derm/o-
skin
dermat/o-
skin
electr/o-
electricity
encephal/o-
brain
enter/o-
intestines
erythr/o-
red
gastr/o-
stomach
glyc/o-
sugar
gnos/o-
knowlege
gynec/o-
women's/women's diseases
hem/o-
blood
hemat/o-
blood
hepat/o-
liver
lapar/o-
abdomen
leuk/o-
white
nephr/o-
kidney
neur/o-
nerve
onc/o-
tumor
opthalm/o-
eye
oste/o-
bone
path/o-
disease
psych/o-
mind
rhin/o-
nose
sarc/o-
flesh
thromb/o-
clotting
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
-cyte
cell
-ectomy
remove/resect/cut into
-emia
blood condition
-globin
protein
-ia
condition
-ic
pertaining to
-ism
condition
-itis
inflammation
-ologist
specialist
-ology
study of
-oma
tumor/mass
-opsy
to view
-osis
abnormal condition
-scope
instrument for visually examining
-scopy
the process of visually examining
-sis
state of
-tomy
cutting into/opening
a-
no
an-
no
aut-
self
dia-
complete/through
dys-
bad/painfull
endo-
within
exo-
outside
hyper-
excessive/heightened
hypo-
lower/diminished
peri-
around
pro-
around
re-
back
retro-
behind
sub-
below
trans-
across/through
cervical region of spine
7 bones/neck
thoracic region of spine
12 bones/chest
lumbar region of spine
5 bones/waist
sacral region of spine
5 fused bones/lower back
coccygeal region of spine
4 fused bones/tailbone
frontal (coronal) plane
vertical plane dividing body into "front" and "back"
sagittal (latteral) plane
vertical plane dividing body "left" and "right"
transverse (axial) plane
horizontal plane dividing body into "upper" and "lower" region
abdomin/o-
abdomen
anter/o-
front
bronch/o-
bronchi
cervic/o-
cervix/neck
chondr/o-
cartilage
coccyg/o-
coccyx
crani/o-
skull
epitheli/o-
skin
esophag/o-
esophagus
laryng/o-
larynx
later/o-
side
lumb/o-
lumbar/waist
lymph/o-
lymph
mediastin/o-
mediastinum
pelv/o-
pelvis
peritone/o-
peritoneum
pharyng/o-
pharynx/throat
pleur/o-
pleura
poster/o-
behind
sacr/o-
sacrum
spin/o-
backbone
thorac/o-
chest
trache/o-
trachea
vertabr/o-
vertabrae
-ac
pertaining to
-ar
pertaining to
-eal
pertaining to
amni/o-
amnion
angi/o-
vessel
arthr/o-
joint
ather/o-
plaque
axill/o-
arm pit
cholecyst/o-
gallbladder
cry/o-
cold
hyster/o-
uterus
inguin/o-
groin
isch/o-
to hold back
mamm/o-
breast
mast/o-
breast
men/o-
menses
mening/o-
meninges
my/o-
muscle
myel/o-
spinal cord or bone marrow
necr/o-
death
oophor/o-
ovary
oste/o-
bone
ot/o-
ear
pelv/o-
hip region
peritone/o-
peritoneum
phleb/o-
vein
pneumon/o-
lung
pulmon/o-
lung
radi/o-
x-ray
ren/o-
kidney
salping/o-
fallopian tube
septic/o-
pertaining to infection
tonsill/o-
tonsil
ur/o-
urine
vascul/o-
blood vessel
carcinoma
cancerous tumor of the epithelial tissue
sarcoma
cancerous tissue of the connective tissue
myel/o-
bone marrow
ab-
away from
ad-
toward/near
ana
up/apart
ante-
before/forward
anti-
against
bi-
both/two
brady-
slow
con-
with/together
ex-
out
dys-
bad/painful/difficult/abnormal
ec-
out/outside
epi-
above/upon
extra-
outside of
hemi-
half
in-
into
inter-
between
intra-
within
mal-
bad
meta-
change/beyond
neo-
new
para-
beside/near/along the side of
peri-
surrounding
poly-
many/much
post-
after/behind
pre-
before
pro-
before/forward
pros-
before/forward
quadri-
four
re-
back/behind
retro-
back/behind
syn-
with/together
tachy-
fast
tri-
three
ultra-
beyond
uni-
one
carp/o
carpals
cis/o
to cut
cost/o
ribs
cutane/o
skin
dur/o
dura mater
gen/o
to produce
nat/i
birth
norm/o
rule/order
plas/o
formation/growth
scapul/o
scapula
son/o
sound
top/o
to put
troph/o
development/nourishment
-ation
process/condition
-cision
process of cutting
-crine
secretion
-dipsia
thirst
-gen
to produce
-ine
pertaining to
-lapse
to fall/slide
-meter
measure
-mission
to send
-mortem
death
-partum
birth
-pathy
disease condition
-phagia
to eat
-phasia
to speak
-plasia
formation
-plasm
formation
-plegia
paralysis
-pnea
breathing
-rrhea
flow/discharge
-section
incision
-stasis
to stand/place/control
-thesis
to put/place
-tic
pertaining to
-um
structure
-uria
urine condition
-y
process/condition
esthesi/o-
sensation
ger/o-
old age
iatr/o-
treatment
nos/o-
disease
obstetr/o-
midwife
ped/o-
child
rect/o-
rectum
rheumat/o-
flow/fluid
-cele
hernia
-genic
generate/produce
an/o
anus
-megaly
enlargement
aort/o
aorta
arteri/o
artery
arteriol/o
arteriole
coron/o
heart
ven/o
vein
venul/o
venule
append/o
appendix
appendic/o
appendix
duoden/o
duodenum
esophag/o
esophagus
ile/o
ileum
jejun/o
jejunum
or/o
mouth
pancreat/o
pancreas
proct/o
anus and rectum
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
stomat/o
mouth
adren/o
adrenal gland
adrenal/o
adrenal gland
hypophys/o
pituitary gland
ovari/o
ovary
orch/o
testes
orchi/o
testes
orchid/o
testes
parathyroid/o
parathyroid glands
pituitar/o
pituitary gland
thym/o
thymus gland
thyroaden/o
thyroid gland
colp/o
vagina
vagin/o
vagina
metri/o
uterus
o/o
egg
lymphaden/o
lymph node
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
splen/o
spleen
balan/o
penis
prostat/o
prostate gland
scrot/o
scrotum
vas/o
vas deferens
ligament/o
ligament
myos/o
muscle
spondyl/o
vertebra
ten/o
tendon
tendin/o
tendon
cerebell/o
cerebellum
medull/o
medulla oblongata
myel/o
spinal cord or bone marrow
adenoid/o
adenoid
alveol/o
alveoli
bronchiol/o
bronchiole
cyan/o
blue
epiglott/o
epiglottis
phren/o
diaphragm
aur/o
ear
cutane/o
skin
myring/o
eardrum
tympan/o
eardrum
ocul/o
eye
onych/o
nail
phak/o
lens of the eye
pil/o
hair
retin/o
retina
trich/o
hair
ungu/o
nail
vesic/o
urinary bladder
pyel/o
renal pelvis