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Medical Terminology Week 7

STUDY
PLAY
ACTH
adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
adrenaline
epinephrine
alimentary
AKA gastrointestinal
anorexia
loss of appetite
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix
bolus
chewed food ready for phagia
carb
carbohydrate
celiac artery
visceral branch of the abdominal aorta
cholecystolithiasis
gallstones
cholecystitis
inflammation of the gallbladder
cholecystectomy
excision of the gallbladder
chyme
partially digested bolus and gastric juice
cirrhosis
chronic degeneration disease of the liver
colitus
inflammation of the colon
colon
large intestines
emesis
vomiting
endocrine
secretes substances into the blood stream
exocrine
secretes substances through ducts
exophthalmia
outward protusion of the eyeball
flatus
intestinal gas
flexure
normal bend or curve of a body part
FSH
follicle stimulating hormone
gastric ulcer
lesion of the stomach
GH
growth hormone
gingivitis
inflammation of the gums
GI
gastrointestinal
goiter
enlarged thyroid gland
hCG
human chronic gonadotropin
hemorrhoid
varicose veins of the rectum and anal canal
hiatal hernia
portion of the stomach moves up into the diaphragmatic opening
hormone
substances chemical messengers
ICSH
interstitial cell stimulating hormone
LH
luteinizing hormone
masticate
to chew
MSH
melanocyte stimulating hormone
nasogastric tube
placed into the nostril and down the pharynx and esophagus to the stomach
occult blood test
stool test for hidden blood
pancreatitis
inflammation of the pancreas
PPBS
postprandial blood sugar
PTH
parathormone
PR or PRL
prolactin
prandial
pertaining to a meal
saliva
digestive secretion in the mouth mixed with food
sella turcica
saddle shaped depression of sphenoid houses pituitary
sigmoidoscopy
exam to view the rectum and sigmoid colon
T3
triiodothyronine
T4
thyroxin
TSH
thyroid stimulating hormone
villi
tiny projections of the small intestine that absorb nutrients