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Test 3 Psychosocial Issues-soc part. ch 13
Terms in this set (21)
Inherent set of traits that will determine how an individual processes and responds to his/her environment; will affect one's manner in which they engage in social participation.
There are 9 characteristics of temperament :
Approach or withdrawal from novel situations
Intensity of emotional responses
Attention span & persistence
Name 3 Temperament types
Four patterns of attachment behavior between parents-infants?
Resistant or ambivalent
Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or
An act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm
Development and psychological outcomes of abuse and neglect?
Changing schools. Illness of an immediate family member. Death of a family member.
Family relocation. Temporary marital distress.Divorce. Are examples of what kind environmental factors- Time limited or Long-term?
Time-limited environmental stress (short-term/weeks or months)
Violence in home or neighborhood.Chronic illness.Death of a parent.Chronic poverty.
Long-term homelessness.Chronic parental conflict. Are examples of what kind environmental factors- Time limited or Long-term?
Chronic environmental stress (long-term/months or years)
Mood disorders affecting children and adolescents?
Attention Deficit Disorder
Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Depression occurs in about ___% of children and ____ % in teens.
3% in children and 8% in teens
_______ disorder aka manic-depressive illness is increasingly being recognized as a condition that often emerges during childhood or adolescence.
Mania in children may be misdiagnosed as ______ or ______.
ADD or ODD
About 10%-12% of adolescents with recurrent major depression episodes will develop __________.
________ occurs in about 4%-13% of children (Thought to be a combo of genes and environment).
Social Anxiety disorder
Up to 11% of all children/adolescents
Characterized by excessive worrying about others' evaluations of oneself and past/future behavior
Is subset of anxiety disorders - intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviors - emerges between 6-15 years in males and 20-29 in females.
difficulty with sustained attention and/or selective attention
May be accompanies with over-activity/impulsivity
8% of children/adolescents; boys more than girls
2 types of Disruptive behavior disorders
ODD and Conduct disorder
same behaviors as ODD but more severe and physical aggression toward property, animals, or people, theft, and/or lying.
pattern of disobedience and hostility toward authority figures lasting longer than 6 months
Temper, irritable, refuse to comply with rules, blame others for actions, act vindictively , use threats/insults
Diagnosed by 8 years of age; Occurs 2-16%
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Characterized by :
1) abnormal ways of relating to people, objects, events,
2) delayed or missing speech,
3) restrictive, repetitive patterns.
Growing evidence linking ASD with SPD.
Recommended textbook explanations
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
A Concise Introduction To Logic (Mindtap Course List)
Lori Watson, Patrick J. Hurley
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
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