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a system of stratification (characterized by low social mobility) in which one's place in the stratification system is determined by birth
the awareness that a class structure exists and the feeling of shared identification with others in one's class with whom one perceives common life chances
culture of poverty
the arguement that poverty is a way of life and, like other cultures, is passed on from generation to generation
contemporary transformations in the basic structure of work that are permanently altering the workplace, including the changing composition of the workplace, deindustrialization, the use of enhanced technology, and the development of a global economy
a system of stratification in which the ownership of property and the exercise of pwer is monopolized by an elite or noble class that has total control over societal resources
the thought resulting from subordinate classes internalizing the view of the dominant class
the amount of money brought into a household from various sources during a given year (wages, investment, income, dividends, etc.)
the opportunities that people have in common by virtue of belonging to a particular class
the figure established by the government to indicate the amount of money needed to support the basic needs of a household
the social structural hierarchical position groups hold relative to the economic, social, political, and cultural resources of society
the process by which different statuses in any group, organization, or society develop
a relatively fixed hierarchical arrangement in society by which groups have different access to resources, power, and percieved social worth; a system of structured social inequality
socioeconomic status (SES)
a measure of class standing, typically indicated by income, occupational prestige, and educational attainment
the process by which people end up in a given position in the stratification system
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)
federal program by which grants are given to states to fund welfare
a grouping of people, largely minority and poor, who live at the absolute bottom of the socioeconomic ladder in urban areas
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