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29 terms

Ch 8-Social Class and Social Stratification Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
caste system
a system of stratification (characterized by low social mobility) in which one's place in the stratification system is determined by birth
class consciousness
the awareness that a class structure exists and the feeling of shared identification with others in one's class with whom one perceives common life chances
class system
the organized pattern of social class in society
conspicuous consumption
the ostentatious display of goods to mark one's social status
culture of poverty
the arguement that poverty is a way of life and, like other cultures, is passed on from generation to generation
economic restructuring
contemporary transformations in the basic structure of work that are permanently altering the workplace, including the changing composition of the workplace, deindustrialization, the use of enhanced technology, and the development of a global economy
educational attainment
the total years of formal education
estate system
a system of stratification in which the ownership of property and the exercise of pwer is monopolized by an elite or noble class that has total control over societal resources
false consciousness
the thought resulting from subordinate classes internalizing the view of the dominant class
feminization of poverty
the process whereby a growing proportion of the poor are women and children
ideology
a belief system that tries to explain and justify the status quo
income
the amount of money brought into a household from various sources during a given year (wages, investment, income, dividends, etc.)
life chances
the opportunities that people have in common by virtue of belonging to a particular class
median income
the midpoint of all household incomes
meritocracy
a system in which one's status is based on merit or accomplishments
net worth
the value of one's financial assets minus debt
occupational prestige
the subjective evaluation people give to jobs as better or worse than others
poverty line
the figure established by the government to indicate the amount of money needed to support the basic needs of a household
prestige
the value with which different groups or people are judged
social class
the social structural hierarchical position groups hold relative to the economic, social, political, and cultural resources of society
social differentiation
the process by which different statuses in any group, organization, or society develop
social mobility
a person's movement over time from one class to another
social stratification
a relatively fixed hierarchical arrangement in society by which groups have different access to resources, power, and percieved social worth; a system of structured social inequality
socioeconomic status (SES)
a measure of class standing, typically indicated by income, occupational prestige, and educational attainment
status
an established position in a social structure that carries with it a degree of prestige
status attainment
the process by which people end up in a given position in the stratification system
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)
federal program by which grants are given to states to fund welfare
urban underclass
a grouping of people, largely minority and poor, who live at the absolute bottom of the socioeconomic ladder in urban areas
wealth
the monetary value of everything one actually owns