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Exam 3 Study Guide Micro
Terms in this set (68)
Disease that causes a pseudomembrane formation?
Disease that occurs in cows and may be transmitted by Milk?
Disease that has a Toxoid used in DPT immunization?
Disease that treatment requires antibiotics and antitoxins?
Disease that is transmitted by ticks?
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Lyme disease, Q Fever, Tularemia, Relapsing Fever, and Leptospirosis.
Disease that is due to a species of Rickettsia?
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.
Disease that is due to a spirochete?
Leptospirosis, Lyme disease, Relapsing fever, Syphilis, and Treponema pertenue.
Disease is associated with rat infestations?
Bubonic Plague and Hantovirus
Disease is transmitted by anaerobic soilborne spores?
Disease is a form of nongonococcal urethritis?
Disease has nervous system involved in final stage?
Disease is sometimes called "the clap"?
Disease that the flea is the vector?
Bubonic Plague, and Endemic Typhus.
Disease that BCG is the vaccine?
Disease may result in Salpingitis?
Gonorrhea, and Chlamydial urethritis.
Disease is caused by the same virus that causes shingles?
Disease has vaccine with MMR vaccine?
Disease is one of the TORCH group of diseases?
Disease in active cases can be treated with amantadine?
Disease occurs in types A, B, and C?
Disease is also known as Rubeola?
Disease is associated with cold sores, encephalitis or genital infections?
Disease produces body rash somewhat similar to the scarlet fever rash?
Disease is sometimes complicated by Reye's Syndrome or GBS?
Disease may cause large joints to become stiff and swollen with arthritis?
Disease requires caesarian section if diagnosed in a pregnant woman?
Herpes, and HIV.
Disease produces an ulcer with ragged edges and soft borders?
Disease is accompanied by a high-pitched "whoop"?
Disease that can be a forerunner to rheumatic fever?
Strep throat (Streptococcus pyogenes) , Scarlet fever
Disease that is associated with erythrogenic toxin?
Disease is sometimes called woolsorter's disease?
Disease is accompanied by contractions of the body's muscles?
Disease has symptoms caused by a powerful exotoxin?
Disease has immunization rendered by an injection of toxoid?
Disease has a vaccine included in the DPT series?
Disease has a tertiary stage that involves the gumma?
Disease that shows antibiotic resistance in PPNG strains?
Disease that is characterized by mucus plugs in the respiratory system?
Disease that has symptoms extremely similar to gonorrhea symptoms?
Chlamydial urethritis, and Ureaplasmal urethritis.
Disease that may develop into septicemic and pneumonic stages?
Disease that is accompanied by oral red patches called koplik spots?
Disease may be transmitted by sexual contact?
Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Herpes, Chlamydia, Genital Warts, Vaginitis, and HIV.
Disease that produces recurring blisters in response to stresses?
Disease that has Hutchinson's triad associated with congenital form?
Disease is accompanied by fluid-filled, teardrop-shaped skin lesions?
Which microbe's pathogenicity is enhanced by M protein?
All possible methods of transmission for Q fever?
Inhaling airborne dust particles, Consuming Raw Milk, Tick bite, and Inhaling airborne droplets.
Bacterial diseases of the lower respiratory tract?
Tuberculosis, and Pneumonia.
Why epidemic typhus is likely to occur where sanitation is lacking and hygiene is poor?
For whom leptospirosis may pose a threat?
Farmers, or Veterinarian staff.
Why the prospects for developing a vaccine for the common cold are not promising?
Many different viruses can cause the common cold. Antigen Shift
What are the characteristics of AIDS?
Caused by a retrovirus
Affects the immune system
opportunistic diseases accompany HIV infection
Viral agent is called the human immunodeficiency virus
Kaposi's sarcoma is a type of skin cancer (opportunistic); may spread to visceral organs
What are the characteristics of rhinoviruses?
Belong to Picornaviridae family
name takent from Greek rhinos meaning nose; thrive in nose because of lower temperature
Vit C (promising) chicken soup ( temp)
can cause head colds
can be transmitted by hand to hand contact
Often called the common cold, head cold; search for vaccine not promising because many different viruses can cause it.
How Psittacosis may be acquired?
Contact with infected Birds.
Population most likely to have herpes zoster, or shingles?
A characteristic sign of Kawasaki disease?
Peeling of the skin about the fingers, high fever over 104 that last for 5 days, inflammation with reddening of the whites of the eyes, rash, and lymph node swelling in the neck. Symptoms: fever, sore throat, rash, desquamation Complications: weakened blood vessels (burst and bleed internally), arrythymia & heat attack may occur) affects children between 1 and 2 years of age.
Diseases included in the MMR vaccine?
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella.
One of the main reasons the smallpox eradication campaign was successful?
It is easy to treat, and occurs only in humans.
Diseases included in the TORCH categories?
Toxoplasmosis, other diseases, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Herpes (HSV II).
What are the symptoms of measles?
Koplik spots, Red maculopapular rash, and Sensitivity to light, Fever, Cough, Runny nose, Red watery eyes, and achy.
When Guillain-Barre syndrome and Reye's syndrome occur?
Occurs during the recovery period of influenza.
Symptoms associated with toxic shock syndrome?
Low Blood Pressure, Fever, Vomiting, and Watery discharge.
What forms when clostridium perfringens grows in the dead, anaerobic tissue of a wound?
What is trachoma?
Infection of the eye from chlamydia.
What is chancre?
Ulceration - first stage of syphilis.
What is the characteristics of Leprosy?
Weak T-Cells, tumorlike growths form on skin & in respiratory tract; bones erode, teeth fall out, fingers/toes become needlelike, and skin also loses pigment and sensation.
What are the characteristics of bacterial conjuncitivitis (pinkeye)?
Inflamed conjunctiva; discharge from eye, swelling, itching, and photophobia.
What is ECM?
Erythemia Chronicum Migrans (ECM) - red rash similar to bull's eye; increases in diameter over period of a few weeks.
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