Terms in this set (119)
The setting and reinforcement of clearly spelled-out group norms is a recommended way of ensuring group __________.
Conflict is most likely to occur during which stage of a therapeutic group?
"Peter, I greatly value the authority, advice and experience that you bring to the group; however, please remember, the group has a leader, and that leader is me." This is an example of:
Which of the following is an example of improperly "attending" to (a) member(s) of the group?
If ________________ (s) is/are brought to the forefront and dealt with constructively, a negative can be turned into something therapeutic
In certain circumstances, there is hesitancy among members of certain racial and ethnic groups to discuss personal matters with members of groups perceived to be more dominant. A term that may be used to describe this defensive phenomenon is:
Tuning into the ____________ feelings and experiences of another person is ____________.
Bernie, in a very early session of a counseling group, expresses emotions ranging from fear to anxiety, uncertainty to hope. Looking to his therapist, Bernie's progress will hinge on the perceived level of ____________ which he feels.
Asking members how they _______________ with conflict within a group is a recommended means to assist in dealing it with when, and if, it arises
Predict they would deal
The Association for Specialists in Group Work protocol states that the responsibility of group leaders in assisting members in the development of their personal goals be done in a "_____________" manner.
Sherman and Belinda are co-leading a group. One is nurturing and sensitive while the other is more direct, some even say "a bit too pushy." Which of the following statements is true?
The difference in style can be detrimental
According to the findings of ____________, an overly confrontational leader has the capacity to harm his or her clients.
Two crucial tasks inherent in the initial stage of group therapy are orientation and ______________.
Asking group members to pair up with those of their choosing for self-disclosure exercises is:
A good idea: It lowers the level of perceived threat
A group member is hesitant to interact and engage in self-disclosure. Robin, the group leader, states "I want you to know that this is a safe place. All of your secrets are safe here." This statement:
Ambiguity and lack of a structured approach in groups often lead to:
Which of the following is not a recommended manner of closing a regular group session (a regular session, not the final session)?
Limiting members to giving feedback to the leader but not to their peers
Yolanda is cursing at other members in the group and occasionally at the leader himself. Other than the curses, she is silent. It is interfering with the group, which, as a whole, can't bypass these outbursts. Something must give. The leader should pay particular attention to:
What Yolanda is not saying
Steering or redirecting a group member to the here-and-now:
Can be limiting and negative when the subject is grief
Before trust is fully established, "self-disclosure" on the part of members has a strong tendency to be all of the following except:
Being "parental" toward group members is:
Counterproductive and can represent a dependency issue on the part of the practitioner
It is important to educate non-participatory or minimally participatory members that others in the group are likely to react to them with:
Which of the following is not a legitimate fear associated with members of a therapeutic group?
"I'm getting married soon. At the wedding, what if somebody recognizes my therapist?"
A critical aspect of the Transition stage is learning about one's:
Capacity to change
Penelope is the most difficult client whom group leader Ari has had to deal with in his 30 years of practice. She is disruptive, rude, overbearing and confrontational. Just now, an intense argument was initiated by Penelope. Two other members have threatened to quit the group. Which of the following is correct?
Ari should state his observations and hunches in a tentative manner
Thomas Parham (2007) states his belief that members must actively involve themselves in ____________ others in order for progress to occur.
A group member is silent. It seems by his nonverbal behavior that he has something to say. The leader asks herself in contemplation, "Is he waiting for me to call on him?" Is this a legitimate concern?
Maybe; it could be politeness
According to the psychoanalytic perspective, the correct pathway in which resistance is allowed to be overcome is:
Threatening material -> denial and repression -> conscious awareness
De Shazer (1984) attributes most instances of failure of a client to overcome resistance to:
Orientation - Transition - Working Stage - Final Stage
Satish has been holding back his feelings in the face of a fellow group member who has been making disparaging remarks about a third member under his breath. He feels, finally, ready to confront the offender. Which of the following is a legitimate form of confronting?
Doing so with the goal of growing closer
It should be stressed to group members that while engaging in self-disclosure, they can still retain a sense of:
When storytelling takes place in a/an ____________ manner, it is considered to be _____________.
Melanie is over-resistant, even during the intermediate phase of the Transition Stage. Ormont (1988) would point to a fear of ____________as the root cause of Melanie's problem.
Which of the following is a clear sign that trust is being built within the group?
Members speak openly of their agendas
Mort works in a position of authority. He is a college guidance counselor. He is now a member of a court-mandated group. When others speak of their problems, he is always the first to react, even at the risk of cutting off other would-be responders. He seems to speak more than any other member. His behaviors could legitimately be construed as:
A group member openly challenges co-leaders simultaneously. The co-leaders should:
Address the issue objectively — at all costs — either privately or in front of the group
A term used to describe the group's barrier toward advancement in the Transition stage is:
Which of the following is not considered a critical-to-address characteristic of the Transition Stage?
One's childhood experiences
Resistance can represent a method of ___________ that the individual, at one point, considered, either consciously or subconsciously, as being _____________.
The Working Stage of a group is characterized by exploring _____________ and paying attention to the ____________ of the group.
The epitome of therapeutic feedback from one member (or leader) to another is: (1) When it lets others know how you feel as a result of their behaviors, actions or work, and (2) When the feedback is _______________:
When looking at the stages of a group, transitions from one to another can be defined as ____________ and _____________.
Nonworking groups are categorized by all of the following except:
Individuals do not wait for permission from the leader
Corrective feedback is also known as:
The concept of homework is most closely associated with which therapeutic realm?
All of the following, according to Yalom (2005b), are stated benefits of cohesive groups except:
They allow the group to finish its work and end sooner
When a group is at work, unity and cohesion are paramount concerns. Is it permissible for subgroups of the larger group to meet outside the group, to the exception of other members?
Sometimes; depending on circumstance, setting and the type of group
Pamela is having issues dealing with authority, first with teachers, now with the group co-leaders. Group members are consulted regarding their feelings toward Pamela. The entire group now looks to address the issue of Pamela's rebelliousness. This scenario is indicative of ______________stage.
A real danger to the group posed by lack of confrontation is:
Intergroup feedback is most effective when it:
Doesn't contain qualifiers
It is believed that when utilizing humor in a group setting (whether for insight, feedback, etc.), the humor is most effective when it is:
The converse of "guardedness" in a therapeutic group setting is:
As members successfully interact with one another in the Working Stage, the leader can expect less _____________ to be directed toward himself or herself.
Barry is a group leader who feels compelled to disclose certain aspects of himself to the group. He is uncertain as to roots and motivation of his feelings. All are appropriate avenues for Barry except_________.
Taking a spontaneous risk; group leaders do, after all, encourage risk-taking
Morran, Stockton and Whittingham (2004) mention all but __________as inappropriate forms of a leader's self-disclosure?
Effective self-disclosure often hinges upon all of the following concepts except:
Some researchers (Hornsey et al.) have stated that the criticality of group cohesiveness is ________________.
Catharsis is typically evident in:
For a group to reach the deepest and most effective levels of the Working Stage, it is essential that members _____________ to work through areas of interference that hinder achievement.
Co-leaders of a group weigh whether or not to meet and critique their performance, styles, etc. Nancy, one of the co-leaders, has just accepted a position in another state. This will be her last day. The co-leaders should:
Meet; this is consistent with the ASGW "Best Practice Guidelines"
"How might your life have been different had you not become a member of this group?" This question is:
Likely to increase insight
In which type of group do members need to prepare for individual goodbyes, as not all members leave at the same time?
In one survey, more than 60 percent of group leaders reported difficulties in the ending process attributed to _______________.
Events in their personal lives
Which of the following emotional reactions do Rutan et al. (2007) not point to as brought about by a group termination?
The most critical benefit that a member can take away from a group is his or her new:
Some experts believe that the process of termination begins as early as:
The first day of the group
At the successful termination of a group member from his or her group, the practitioner should consider the appropriateness of providing the member with a:
Post-group follow-up sessions are:
Able to reduce the need for risk-taking as a result of the passage of time
Svetlana is in the end stage of her group. The leader asks her to visualize how she will react in a situation two years from now. This technique, "future projection," is most commonly used in the context of:
Shapiro and Ginzberg (2002) describe a member who has been successfully terminated from a group as having received a:
Which option answers the following statement most completely and correctly: ASGW (2008) "Best Practice Guidelines" encourage leaders to process the workings of the group with:
Themselves (if co-leaders exist), group members, supervisors and/or other colleagues.
A Closed Group is:
One that contains the same members throughout
A specific point that should be explored during the termination process is how the counselee has translated ___________ into ______________.
An unresolved conflict appears during the final session of a closed group. Which statement is correct?
This is not unexpected
A group member complains about the termination process. He threatens legal action. The safety net is having explained the termination process:
During informed consent
According to many experts including Mangione, Forti and Iacuzzi (2007), the Final Stage of a group is the most crucial. Which statement is correct?
This is not true
A recommended tool used for successfully terminated group members is _____________ that they should read at a certain point after termination (one year; two years, etc.)
A letter to themselves
Homework can be used as an effective tool in:
Yoshi, a counselee in an incest-survivors group, presents the group leader with a kimono during the final session. All of the following, according to experts, should factor into the decision of the leader as to whether to accept the gift or not, except for:
Laws on gift-giving and receiving
Martha-Anne is a counselee in a nursing home. She does not regularly come out of her shell. The counselor prods her to speak. It appears that the fear of breach-of-confidentiality exists. The counselor can legitimately take into account as a possibility of the root of this anxiety:
Fear of retaliation by staff
Many women learn early that the predominant expectation in a patriarchal society is all of the following except __________:
A key task in conducting therapy with older adults/the elderly is challenging the ____________ of aging.
Rabinowitz and Cochran, in a group context, point to the importance of modeling to increase men's awareness of issues surrounding
Prospective counselors who are planning/preparing to work with older adults/the elderly in therapeutic settings might wish to expand their knowledge in the field of _________________.
When approaching the administrators of an assisted-care living center for the elderly, J.D. felt resistance for his idea for creating a group. He should counter with:
A sound proposal
Sarah is a group counselor. During screening, she wonders whether paring prospective counselees who are regressed with those who are not is appropriate. Her supervisor is apt to tell her that:
The mixing of the two is likely to result in fragmentation
In AIDS/HIV groups, it is considered of utmost importance that therapy contains both a(an) _____________ and a (an) ______________ approach.
The Solution-Focused approach of Lee and colleagues advocates the design of and adherence to specific and achievable goals. These goals must be established by the participant:
By the third session
Perry, a group counselor, also works at night as a stand-up comedian at The Comedy Funhouse. He has a natural inclination to use humor. He should keep this humor situation-specific by:
Avoiding laughing at those who don't/can't complete a certain task
Hedtke and Winslade (2004) believe that a therapeutic approach in grief and bereavement treatment is the development of a new relationship with:
The person who died
Andres is conducting his first therapy group for the elderly. One client in particular, Jaime, complains about everything: his children, grandchildren, politics and mostly how the world has changed for the worse. Andres should:
Allow Jaime to "blow off steam" about these issues unimpeded
When dealing with older adults/the elderly in therapeutic sessions, Christensen and colleagues focus on the facilitation of members' __________________.
A chief concern of men is the fear that they will be _______________ for deviating from societal roles and expectations.
A crucial opportunity in women's group-work is delving into what it entails to be a(n) _____________ in a(n) ____________ society
It is deemed therapeutically important when dealing with the elderly to touch physically (when deemed appropriate). This is a view expressed by __________________.
Myers, Poidevant and Dean
According to Enns (2004), women working in groups can be expected to learn all the following skills except ______.
Changing the behaviors of others
Traditional approaches in treating male perpetrators of domestic violence typically demonstrate a recidivism rate of
40 percent to 60 percent
MacNair-Semands (2004) would recommend to a beginning counselor conducting his or her first group on grief to stress ________________ as a means of overcoming loss:
The potential of developing new relationships
A comprehensive and recommended resource used in group therapy for sex offenders is:
The Road to Freedom (Morin and Levinson)
A well-known personality in the field of psychology who developed and instituted a form of widely used play-therapy was:
Sources of stress during adolescence are unique to that specific period to the exclusion of those faced during college years. Which statement is correct?
The issues are frequently not mutually exclusive
Children in group settings often test barriers and limitations in order to gauge the level of ________________ which they can expect.
Categorizing and labeling children, once deemed counterintuitive, is:
Still likely to result in bias, either conscious or unconscious
Steen et al. (2011) propose that college students of color are more likely to depart prematurely from educational settings because of:
Lack of academic and personal support
When dealing with the wide variety of issues faced by students, university counseling centers are often hindered by:
All matters of child abuse or neglect, either real or suspected, should be reported immediately to:
Play-therapy is/can be utilized effectively for:
Those up to and including adolescents
Chizu Aoki is brand new to the Stepford University counseling center. She wishes to form and lead a group on campus. A recommended resource in determining the type, structure and potential benefits of a group is:
Group Work and Outreach Plans for College Counselors
In a group setting with child counselees, the youngsters regularly present views about parents, teachers, the school, etc. Mr. Strickland, the leader, should:
__________________ is the most common theoretical approach in school settings.
Mrs. O'Hara, a social worker, has recommended to Billy's third-grade teacher that he be placed in a school group to address certain issues. All the following should be taken into consideration for a proper student-to-group fit in terms of length and duration of the group, except:
A group for college students who are combat veterans has been developed by:
An examination of psycho-educational groups in kindergarten through 12th grade (Villalba, 2007) demonstrated benefits in all the following areas except___________.
An increase in school attendance
Program goals should be clearly articulated to the parents or guardians of the children who participate. Which of the following statements is correct?
This statement is true in its entirety
Interpersonal groups for college students are particularly effective in assisting counselees in clarifying their ___________.
All the following are considered appropriate/important factors, ideas or considerations in terminating a group of children, except:
Permission to end confidentiality
The School-Based Groups model described by Sink, Edwards and Eppler (2012), can be summed up as P + I = healthy development and dealing with daily-living. The "P" and "I" represent:
School-based groups are usually of what duration?
Rings and Washburn (2011) present strategies for assisting which unique demographic of college students?
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