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Parallel bars should allow how many degrees of elbow flexion?


Walker should allow how many degrees of elbow flexion?

Gait Pattern Used with a Walker

3 Point Gait Pattern

6, 2, 3

Crutches should be positioned____ inches in front and _____inches lateral to the patient. Height should be no greater than____ finger widths from the axilla.


Guidelines for ______ crutches. 20-25º of elbow flexion, with crutches 6 inches in front and 2 inches lateral to the patient. Arm cuff should be 1-1.5 inches below the olecranon process.


Proper height for what?
Level of the wrist crease and ulnar styloid process. 20-25º of elbow flexion.

Two Point

Gait Pattern:
The patient uses two crutches or canes. The patient ambulates moving the left crutch forward with simultaneously advancing the right lower extremity and vice versa. Each step is one-point and a complete cycle is two points.

Three Point

Gait Pattern
Seen with a walker or crutches, involves one injured lower extremity that may have decreased weight bearing. The assistive device is advanced followed by the injured lower extremity. The assistive device and each lower extremity are considered separate points.

Four Point

Gait Pattern:
The patient advances the crutch or cane and then advances the opposite leg.

Swing To

Gait Pattern
A gait pattern where a patient with trunk and/or bilateral lower extremity weakness, paresis, or paralysis, uses crutches or a walker and advances the lower extremities simultaneously only to the point of the assistive device.

Swing Through

Gait Pattern:
A gait pattern where the patient performs the same sequence as a swing-to pattern; however, advances the lower extremities beyond the point of the assistive device.

2 hours

How often should a patient who is dependent in bed be repositioned?


The therapist at the _______ of the patient should give commands if more than one therapist is involved in a transfer


Patient does not require any assistance to complete the task


Patient requires therapist to observe task

Contact Guard

Patient requires therapist to maintain contact with the patient to complete the task. Usually needed to assist if pt has loss of balance

Minimal Assist

Patient requires 25% assist

Moderate Assist

Patient requires 50% assist

Maximal Assist

Patient requires 75% assist


Patient is unable to participate and therapist must provide all of the effort to perform the task


When performing a hydraulic lift transfer what should remain in place for the return transfer?

Stand Pivot

What type of transfer requires that the patient be able to stand with one or both legs and have some balance

Ulnar styloid process

What anatomical landmark is used to determine handgrip height for axillary crutches?


How many degrees of elbow flexion should be present when using axillary crutches?


Level of weight bearing:
Unable to place any weight through involved extremity. AD required


Level of weight bearing:
Unable to place any weight through the involved extremity but may place toes on ground to assist with balance. AD required


Level of weight bearing:
Patient is allowed to put a particular weight through the involved extremity, needs to be monitored and assessed by PT.


Level of weight bearing:
Patient determines amount of weight bearing based on comfort


Level of weight bearing:
Pt can place full weight on involved extremity


When guarding the therapist should stand on which side of the patient

Safety belt, shoulder

When guarding the therapist should place one hand on the ________ and the other on the patient's _______

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