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45 terms

World Geography Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
The capital and primate city of Greece is
Athens
The Northern European country that has benefited the most from North Sea oil is
Denmark
Most foreign workers in Germany are of _________origin.
Turkish
A country's leading urban center that is disproportionately large and exceptionally expressive of national feelings, such as Paris is to France, is known as the country's
Primate City
The geographic principle under which particular peoples and particular places concentrate on the production of particular goods is known as
local functional specialization
When a state seeks to acquire the neighboring territory that is home to ethnically similar people and territory on the other side of its international border by appealing to a concentrated group, this action is termed
irredentism
The Mediterranean island contested by both Greece and Turkey is
Cyprus
The Industrial Revolution in Europe
initially was focused in England, where machinery was invented and the use of steam to power engines emerged
The downtown of an American city, which is usually characterized by a square-grid layout, is called the
Central business district
The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy is known as
devolution
From the end of World War II until 1990, Eastern Europe was dominated by the
Soviet Union
__________ forces are divisive to a nation.
1. situational 2. centripetal 3. Centrifugal 4. charismatic 5. dispartic
Which of the following is the strongest example of a European nation-state?
Poland
The area that surrounds and is served by a city is known as its
hinterland
The three principles of spatial interaction are
complementarity, intervening opportunity, irredentism
The Ruhr industrial complex is linked via the Rhine River to the port of
Rotterdam
_______ dominates Western Europe demographically and economically.
Germany
The conurbation centered by London lies within which of the following regions?
Southern England
Which of the following statements is true?
Both A and B are true
Paris initially benefited from an excellent site and situation.
The gradual reduction of regional contrasts resulting from increasing cultural, economic, political and other types of exchanges is known as
Globalization
Eastern Europe is a zone of politico-geographical splintering and fracturing known as a (an)
shatter belt
The Western European state that is not a member of the European Union is
Switzerland
Which of the following is not a state created by the breakup of former Yugoslavia?
Slovakia
The prevailing mid-latitude climatic type in the southeastern United States, western Europe, southern Brazil and northern Argentina, and eastern China is the
humid temperate
The Autonomous Community located in northeastern Spain just south of the Pyrenees Mountains that is centered on industrialized Barcelona is known as
Catalonia
Wegener's supercontinent is known as
Pangaea
All regions possess all of the following except
homogeneity
Europe's relative location
is one of centrality within the land hemisphere
German reunification
occurred in 1990
Which of the following groups have formed a rapidly growing minority presence in many European countries?
Muslims
The largest ethnic minority in Ukraine are the
Russians
Italy's economic core, no longer focused on Rome, is located today in
the Po River Valley
Northern and Southern Italy are divided by the
Ancona Line
Which of the following cities is located in Italy's and Europe's core area?
Milan
The major river in western Germany, which enters the North Sea through the Netherlands and which passes through the Ruhr is the
Rhine
Significant oil and natural gas supplies have been found beneath the:
North Sea
Water covers about _____ percent of the Earth's surface.
70
The country located directly across the Strait of Gibraltar from southernmost Spain is:
Morocco
Spain and the United Kingdom are in dispute over which piece of territory:
Gibraltar
The World Bank ranks countries within four groups. Which of the following is not one of those groups?
Middle-income countries
Which of the following is a systematic subfield of geography?
Urban geography
The country located on the Jutland Peninsula and the smallest state (in area) in Norden is:
Denmark
In regional geography, relative location:
is more meaningful and practical than absolute location
Which water body is surrounded by a geologically-active Ring of Fire:
Pacific Ocean
Which of the following statements is false?
France has better harbors than Germany