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30 terms

Chapter 14 Language of Medicine

STUDY
PLAY
Immunoglobulins
antibodies IgA, LgC secreted by plasma cells
Toxins
poisons, protein produced by bacteria
Helper T Cells
promote the responses of B cells and T cells to neutralize antigens
Cytotoxic Cells
T lymphocytes that directly kills foreign cells
Interferons
proteins secreted by T cells to aid and regulate the immune response
Plasma cells
lymphocyte produce and secrete antibodies
Suppressor T cells
lymphocyte that inhibits the activity of B and T lymphocytes
Thymectomy
excision of thymus
Lymphedema
chronic swelling of a part accumulation of interstitial fluid
Anaphylaxis
exaggertaed hypersensitivity to foreign protein or other substance
Lymphoid organs
lymph nodes , spleen, and thymus gland
Hypersplenism
enlarged spleen blood cell destruction
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Allergen
substance causing hypersensitivity reaction in the body
Hodgkin Disease
malignant tumor of lymhoid tissue in spleen and lymph nodes
Opportunistic infections
associated iwth AIDS HIV lowers bodies resistence and allows infection
ELISA
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test to detect anti-HIV antibodies
Immunoeletrophoresis
test that seperates immunoglobulins
T helper lymphocytes
recognize epitopes bound to MHC-II molecules by way of the T-cell receptors (TCR) and CD4 molecules on their surface.
Zidovudine
snythetic necleoside used intreating HIV infections and AIDS
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
one-celled organism causes lung infection
Toxoplasmosis
chronic disease of animals and humans caused by toxoplasma gondi
Herpes Simplex
viral infection causes blisters on skin, can cause encephalitis
Kaposi Sarcoma
malignant lesion associated with AIDS
HIV
virus that causes AIDS
Lymphoma
cancer of lymphatic system
IgA
immunoglobulin produced in mucosal linings
IgE
main function is immunity to parasites found only in animals
IgG
the most abundant antibody isotype found in the circulation
Humoral Immunity
aspect of special immunity mediated by B lymphocytes