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female gonads; produce ova and secrete the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone (also inhibin)
male accessory organs
seminal vesicle, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands: all these glands secrete seminal fluid
male organ that transfers sperm into female vagina; carries urine out of body; 3 parts are root, body (shaft), and glans
main adrogen, or male sex hormone, secreted by the testicles; stimulates development of male secondary sex characteristics (hair, voice, bones, etc)
head: covered by acrosome containing 23 chromosomes
middle piece: mitochondria
chemical signal released into the blood from hypothalamus; stimulates the release of gonadotropins FSH and LH; aka GnRH
follicle stimulating hormone
chemical signal released into the blood from anterior pituitary; stimulates development of gametes (ovum or sperm); aka FSH
chemical signal released into the blood from anterior pituitary; stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone production in males; aka LH
female reproductive system functions
1. Produces sex hormones and gametes
2. Protects/supports embryo
3. Nourish infant
cilia-lined tube, which transports oocyte from ovary to uterus; where ovum is fertilized; aka oviduct or Fallopian tube
monthly hormone-induced changes in which ovaries prepare and release an oocyte; divided into follicular phase and luteal phase
phase of ovarian cycle when follicles in the ovary grow and develop oocyte; caused by FSH
phase of the menstrual cycle beginning with ovulation and subsequent corpus luteum formation; ends with end of menstruation; caused by LH
cluster of cells that surround, protect, and nourish a developing oocyte cell in an ovary; secrete estrogen
muscular and vascular mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to exterior of body; eliminates menstrual fluids, receives sperm during intercourse, and forms inferior portion of birth canal
female sex hormone; stimulates female secondary characteristics; prepares uterus for fertilization; initiates endometrium repair; maintains pregnancy and milk production
intense pleasurable sensations accompanied by strong rhythmic contractions of pelvic floor muscles and reproductive tract organs
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