40 terms

Avian ABVP 2012 Galliforme Respiratory Dz

Infectious diseases of Galliformes that primarily cause respiratory signs
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Mycoplasma: species
All Galliformes
Mycoplasma: Signs
Often asymptomatic.
Usually infra-orbital sinuses swollen, poss. swollen joints
Chlamydophila: species
All Galliformes
Turkeys especially sensitive
Chlamydophila: signs
Respiratory signs may be accompanied by diarrhea.
Infectious Laryngotracheitis: species
Mainly chickens and peafowl.
Also pheasants and turkey poults.
Infectious Laryngotracheitis: signs
Mild or subclinical.
Severe - extended head and neck, gasping for air, die in 2-3 days. Swollen sinuses, cough bloody mucus.
+/- diphtheritic membranes
Newcastle Disease: species
All, esp. backyard fowl
Newcastle Disease: signs
Respiratory signs +/- greenish watery diarrhea, possible CNS signs
Pigeon Paramyxovirus: species
Chickens, Pheasants, Peafowl
Pigeon Paramyxovirus: signs
Similar to Newcastle.
Respiratory signs +/- greenish watery diarrhea, possible CNS signs
Turkey Rhinotracheitis: species
Mainly turkeys.
Also pheasants, chickens, guinea fowl
Turkey Rhinotracheitis: signs
Upper respiratory signs with swollen sinuses.
Avian Influenza: species
All
Esp. pheasants, chickens and japanese quail
Avian Influenza: signs
Respiratory signs vary from mild to severe. Edema of the head and neck, +/- egg drop.
Due to sig. viral variation morbidity and mort. varies
Fowl Adenovirus: species
Chickens, esp backyard fowl
Fowl Adenovirus: signs
Subclinical to a moderately severe disease.
Severe - respiratory signs with mucoid pasty white droppings that stink and stick to the vent.
Poss. egg drop, guinea fowl may develop pancreatitis or marble spleen-like disease
Quail Bronchitis: species
Bob White Quail
Quail Bronchitis: signs
chicks < 1 week = 100% mort.
chicks > 1 week but <6 wks, severe respiratory signs with greenish diarrhea, die in 24-48 hours
Marble Spleen Disease: species
Pheasants, guinea fowl, chickens
Marble Spleen Disease: signs
Not primarily respiratory disease except when enlarged spleen causes dyspnea due to compressed air sacs
Infectious Bronchitis: species
All, esp pheasants
Infectious Bronchitis: signs
Respiratory signs may be mild with egg drop.
Pheasant chicks 40% mort.
Guinea fowl - enteritis and pancreatitis
Aspergillosis: species
All, esp turkey and pheasant
Aspergillosis: signs
Usually chicks up to 4 weeks.
Sudden death to chronic wasting disease with some respiratory signs
Syngamus: species
All
More common in overstocked grass aviaries
Syngamus: signs
Gasping for air, cough, head shaking, anorexia and loss of condition.
Trichomoniasis: species
All, esp. pheasants
Trichomoniasis: signs
Dyspnea from exudate blocking the airway
Cryptosporidiosis: species
All
Cryptosporidiosis: signs
Often a secondary invader.
Inflammation and typical upper respiratory signs
Avipox: species
All
Avipox: signs
Diphtheritic lesions on respiratory mucosa.
May cause severe respiratory signs and death, poss egg drop
Infectious Coryza: species
All, usually chickens, turkeys and pheasants
Infectious Coryza: signs
rhinitis, sinusitis, air sacculitis and pneumonia
Turkey Coryza:species
Turkeys
Turkey Coryza: signs
Often secondary to turkey rhinotracheatis
Cryptococcus, blastomycosis, histoplasmosis: species
All
Cryptococcus, blastomycosis, histoplasmosis: signs
Gelatinous granulomatous lesions on the mucous membranes of respiratory and GI tracts.
Mycobacteriosis: species
All
Mycobacteriosis: signs
Vary, may have rattling sounds due to granulomata in the trachea